Friday, May 31, 2013

Winners of the State Level Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan 2013

The 2013 Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan competition have just ended and while everyone is making their way out of the massive traffic jam, here is a quick update of the winners:

Miss Kaamatan (Unduk Ngadau)  : Kota Kinabalu (Miss Immaculate Lojuki)
1st Runner Up                             : Ranau (Miss Ritchel Andreas)
2nd Runner Up                            :  Tuaran (Miss Nillsey Sening)

UPDATE: Immaculate Lojuki is Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan 2013 - in picture.

UNK 2013
Miss Immaculate Lojuki waves to the crowd as her name was announced as the 2013 Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan.

Participants of the Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan 2013 competition

This year's Unduk Ngadau receives prizes in cash and kinds totalling RM120,000.00 Congratulations to the winners. I will do up a photographic update ASAP

Thursday, May 30, 2013

Sodop Unduk Ngadau 2013

Warning: This will be a post with a lot of pictures.

'A lot' in the sense that I have not written an article with more than 10 pics for a while now.

Sodop Unduk Ngadau, the Harvest Festival Queen Gala Nite (or may also be translated as "An Evening With the Unduk Ngadau"), not only parade all the contestants for the State Unduk Ngadau competition but to also raise funds for charitable bodies. This year, the proceed will go to Pusat Kebajikan Care Haven.

Cultural dance performance as curtain opener

Appearance by reigning UNK 2012, Miss Melinda Louis

This years UNK participants

Let's meet the ladies from all over Sabah:

UN Penampang, Miss Dedie Phang voted Tati Topiodo or Miss Natural Beauty

Best Creative Design is won by Boyd Petrus Pensin, donned by UN Tanjung Aru, Miss Ashley Selvi Ravindran

Miss Shanen Brenda Engelbert Lim from Papar won the Tati Tosuau or Miss Friendly title

See you at State Level Unduk Ngadau  Kaamatan  2013 competition on May 31.

One of them will be crowned Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan 2013 in the final tomorrow.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Sarawak Ministers & Reps increase own pay three-fold

Seen as appropriate, Sarawak ministers and assemblymen will get an astronomical pay hike of 200% with the approval of the Remuneration, Pension and Gratuities Bill 2013.

With the last revision being in 1992, the Reps salary increment of three-fold is about 9.5% annually, which is still very high. But they are backdating this to Jan 1, 2012, so effectively it is 10%,

Okay, Sabah maybe looking at doing the same and it won't be too surprising anymore now, would it?

Remuneration to be backdated to Jan 1, 2012. Star Graphic.

Sarawak ministers, assemblymen get three-fold pay hike

The state’s ministers and assemblymen have approved a whopping 200 per cent raise for themselves and administrators of the state assembly on May 21.

Under the new remuneration scheme, the chief minister’s salary will increase from the present RM13,000 to RM39,000 per month while the pay of the deputy chief ministers jumps to RM35,000 from the current RM11,500. Senior ministers will receive RM30,000 in monthly salary from the present RM9,000, while ministers will see an increment from RM9,000 to RM27,000. The salary of assistant ministers rises from RM7,000 to RM21,000.

The basic allowance for the members of the State Legislative Assembly (DUN) will increase from RM4,500 to RM15,000 while political secretaries will see an increase in allowance from RM3,000 to RM9,000.

In addition, DUN speaker will receive a salary increase equal to the senior minister while the deputy speaker will be on par with the assistant minister.

The new remuneration scheme, which will be back dated to January 1, 2012, was implemented after the Members of Administration and Members of Dewan Undangan Negeri (Remuneration, Pension and Gratuities) Bill, 2013 was passed without any objection at the DUN sitting here yesterday.

The new pay and allowances will increase the wage bill for the state assembly to RM17 million annually. Second Finance Minister Dato Sri Wong Soon Koh who tabled the bill said the new ordinance seeks to repeal the Members of Administration and Members of Dewan Undangan Negeri (Remuneration, Pension and Gratuities) Ordinance 1980 which came into force on July 1, 1980.

“The need to revise and amend the current amount, rates and terms and conditions of the monthly allowance, salary and such other allowances and benefits is to commensurate with their status and responsibilities in the society, having regard to the current rate of inflation, standard of living and other relevant factors,”Datuk Sri Wong Soon Koh, Second Finance Minister.

TheGreenMechanics: Noted. Just be prudent, we are all tax payers here.

Refer: The Borneo Post

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

State Level Kaamatan Celebration 2013

Harvest Festival (Kaamatan) month is fast approaching to a conclusion and the peak of the celebration will be on 30th - 31st May 2013 at Hongkod Koisaan KDCA in Penampang.

This year's theme:

"Potilombuso Piunungan om Pirotian Maya Kaamatan"
"Goodwill and Understanding Through Kaamatan"

If you intend to visit Sabah, this is the month to do it, and you can then proceed to the neighbouring state, Sarawak for the Gawai Dayak celebration which falls on June 1, 2013.

You can visit the cultural village during or before the Kaamatan celebration. It is located within the compound of the KDCA building.

'The Vase' - The Harvest Festival has always been associated with a traditional liquor, the Tapai, which is normally stored in a vase such as this one. But personally, i feel getting overly drunk during this time is not necessary.

 Miss Bo Tiza Disimon of Penampang is the 2011 Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan

Miss Melinda Louis of Telupid is currently the reigning queen,  the 2012 UN Kaamatan

 Miss Melinda Louis

Who would be crowned Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan this year? The answer would be revealed on 31st May 2013 at about 6.00pm. Stay tuned.

Happy Harvest Festival

Frequently asked questions about Solar PV System

Let's get back to basic.

The followings are some of the most commonly asked questions about Solar PV System. People's awareness have slightly increased since the implementation of the FiT mechanism in 2011.

Grid-connected Solar Photovoltaic system. Image source:

Q: What is a Solar Photovoltaic System (PV system) about?

A: Photovoltaic systems (PV system) use PV module to convert sunlight into electricity. A PV system is made up of different components other than PV modules. These include an inverter for a utility-grid-connected system and when alternating current (AC) rather than direct current (DC) is required; wiring; and mounting structure.

Q: Benefits of Renewable Energy

A: Renewable energy sources are clean and inexhaustible. And as the name tells us it is renewable and does not use resources that can never be replaced. Hence, Renewable Energy has a much lower environmental impact than conventional sources of energy.

Q: How long do photovoltaic (PV) systems last?

A: Basically, PV systems are designed, installed, and maintained to operate for more than 20 years. The basic PV module (interconnected, enclosed panel of PV cells) has no moving parts and typically has lifespan of 25 years above.

Q:How do I know if I have enough sunlight for PV?

A: A photovoltaic (PV) system needs unobstructed access to the sun's rays for most of the daytime. Shading on the system can significantly reduce energy output. Hence, visual assessment on the building is needed to determine if the location is suitable for installation.

Q: What is Feed in tariff and when was it implemented?

A: Malaysia's Renewable Energy Act 2010 came into effect on 1st December 2011.

Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) is a policy mechanism designed to accelerate investment in technologies by allowing eligible Renewable Electricity Generator selling back the generated electricity they produced to the TNB/SESB at higher tariff rate.

Q: How Feed in tariff (FiT) can benefit citizens of Malaysia?

A: Its implementation allows individuals to earn income by selling electricity generated from renewable resources at home. Under the RE Act, the public will be able to sell electricity generated from RE to utility companies such as TNB at higher tariff rate (from RM1.20/kWh and above) for a contract period of 21 years with TNB.

Q: What is the payback of the system?

A: A system producing 5kWp of electricity at home will generate electricity of more than 15 units (15 kWh) per day converted to earning more than RM600 a month through selling back of generated electricity to TNB. Payback for the total system cost and maintenance will be less than 10 years (quoting Green Innotech S/B).

Q: What are the application of PV system?

A:PV system is best suited on most of landed residence. It can be installed on roof top of landed residence, commercial building such as shop lots and office, factory, and petrol station etc.

Q: How big a solar energy system do I need?

A: The size of solar system needed depends on several factors such as
  • how much electricity you use, 
  • the size of your roof, and
  • how much you're willing to invest. 
Also, do you want the system to supply your complete energy usage or to supplant a portion of your higher cost energy usage? Check out SEDA Malaysia website for more information.

Recharge your cellphone in 30 seconds

If you've been wishing you don't need to wait for your smartphone to recharge, you a in for a good news. Very soon you will be able co recharge your gadget in less than 30 seconds, thanks to bright idea from a teenager - Eesha Khare.

For my hobby in photography, I'd love to have this 'supercapacitor' to recharge my Speedlight in two minutes. Right now my Nikon flashlight batteries recharge in about an hour.

30 second charger
Watch this clip and CNN's report here.

Teenager outsmarts Silicon Valley!

A tiny device that can recharge cell phone batteries in as little as 30 seconds won 18-year-old Eesha Khare a major science award that will help fund her college education at Harvard University.

Khare traveled from her California home to Phoenix for the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, where her invention was honored as one of two winners of Young Scientist Awards.

"I'm in a daze. I can't believe this happened," Khare, a senior at Lynbrook High School in Saratoga, told CNN affiliate, KPIX 5.

Khare's device, a black, rectangular type of supercapacitor just over an inch long, can charge a cell phone battery in 20 to 30 seconds, she said.

"I developed a new supercapacitor, which is basically an energy storage device which can hold a lot of energy in a small amount of volume," she told KPIX 5. The technology may also be able to speed up charging of automobile batteries, she said.

The award includes a $50,000 prize that will come in handy when Khare heads to Harvard in the fall, she told KPIX 5. With a laugh, she predicted that "I will be setting the world on fire."

In announcing the winners of what it billed as the "world's largest high school research competition," Intel cited Khare for recognizing "the crucial need for energy-efficient storage devices" as the world rapidly adopts portable electronics.

More than 1,500 young scientists from around the world were chosen to compete in last week's fair.

Source: CNN

Why doesn't lightning travel in a straight line

In the past, I have few attempts at shooting the lightning as it happen and none of my shots are decent enough, but one thing I observed is that lightning does not travel in a straight line.

Captured with Nikon D90 at | 38mm | f/18 | ISO-200 | 30 sec |

First, how lightning is formed

The zig-zagging path of lightning has its origin in processes still not fully understood. It begins with strong rising currents of air creating a static electric charge through frictional effects somewhat like those on the surface of balloons rubbed on suitable fabric. Recall the Van der Graaff effect?

This charge generates an electric field that accelerates any free electrons in the surrounding air, smashing them into neighbouring molecules, thus releasing yet more electrons.

. . . and the zig-zag?

If sufficiently violent, these collisions will turn the air under the cloud (see pic above) from electrically insulating to conducting, which allows the passage of electrical current. This heats up the air to around 30,000oC, triggering the characteristic flash light that follows the zig-zag path formed by the collisions.

The heat also causes a sudden expansion of the air, which we hear as a clap of thunder. The thunder 'loudness' corresponds with the amount of electrical current passing through the air.

In short: Molecules and electrons collisions are in random directions, so the lightning flash you see in the sky is not in a straight line, too.

Monday, May 27, 2013

Solar PV quota of over 9 MW fully allocated within 15 minutes after quota re-opens

Last week, SEDA Malaysia released PV quota of 9MW from previously submitted applications made on 2nd April 2013 which were unsuccessful.


Total quota                        : 9 MW
Total allocated                  : 15.2046 MW
Reason for 'over allocation'    : Previously unsuccessful, & many applicant applied for larger PV capacities

Quota opened                    : 23rd May 2013, noon
Quota fully allocated         : Within 15 minutes after opening
Total no. of applications    : 70
Application success rate    : Slightly over 50% (that's a very high failure rate!)

Note: The high number of rejection of application (unsuccessful applicant) is due to poor submission quality. In other words, online applications submitted without fulfilling the requirement by SEDA.

The Green Mechanics:
It is hoped that SEDA Malaysia will conduct more trainings, workshops, and briefing on the potentials of Solar PV and the procedure for correct submissions. SEDA must conduct these free-of-charge and not collecting fees.

There should be fund allocation for 'marketing the idea', training, nationwide campaign and awareness, and other promotional activities. That is why there is 1% levy on heavy energy users.

: :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :


Putrajaya, Thursday (23rd May 2013): The Sustainable Energy Development Authority Malaysia (SEDA Malaysia) today at 12 noon released just over 9 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) quota. This quota was from previously submitted solar PV feed-in approval (FiA) applications made on the 2nd April 2013 which were unsuccessful. The 9 MW quota was fully allocated within 15 minutes after opening of quota.

Although a series of workshop had been organized to brief the PV service providers and potential PV investors, Puan Badriyah noted that the submission quality was rather poor resulting in nearly 50% unsuccessful applications.

According to the CEO of SEDA Malaysia, Puan Badriyah Abdul Malek, the total number of applicants for this opening of solar PV quota was 70 and the total capacity allocated was 15.2046 MW.

“The seemingly additional capacity from 9 MW to 15.2046 MW was because most applicants apply for larger PV capacities which had lower FiT rates and some were ground-mounted applications meaning a lower FiT rate because bonus rates for building applications would not be applicable,” said Badriyah.

“We hope this time round, the PV service providers and their clients would be more vigilant in providing quality submissions with full compliance to the requirements,” said Badriyah. After all, it is SEDA Malaysia’s vision to see renewable energy grow in meaningful scale and Renewable Energy (RE) Fund is expended in impactful ways.

The RE Fund was established through the enforcement of the Renewable Energy Act 2011 and is an important part of the FiT mechanism approved by the Government to spear head the growth of the renewable energy in the country.

The main function of the RE Fund is to pay the tariff for electricity generated from renewable sources by renewable energy producers and individuals under the FiT mechanism. It is established from the collection of 1% additional charge on all electricity consumers effective since 1st December 2011 although domestic consumers that have electricity bills of not more than RM77 (or consumed not more than 300 kWh) per month will be exempted from contributing to the RE Fund.

The fund is managed and administered by SEDA Malaysia. On this note, the CEO of SEDA Malaysia assures that the fund is managed with prudence, integrity, transparency, and full accountability. These are the core values embraced by SEDA Malaysia.

Source: Press Release by SEDA Malaysia

Yanmar Kota Kinabalu R&D - a boost for Renewable and Alternative Energies

The bold move by Yanmar in setting up a Research and Development centre in Kota Kinabalu is commendable.

Other renewable-energy-inclined companies should emulate such noble cause, but, of course the state government would need to facilitate it by making the policies business-friendly. Yanmar's initiative is timely as Sabah is one of the major producer of CPO in Malaysia and this deserve more effort to unearth the potential of bio-diesel.


A Daily Express snippet

Yanmar's capital investment of RM17 million for new engine testing building

Yanmar Kota Kinabalu Research and Development Centre has increased its capital investment to RM17 million for its new engine testing building.

The building with four test benches for performance and durability tests was in line with the corporate mission to provide "sustainable solutions for needs essential to human life for our tomorrow."

In conjunction with the launching, the company also celebrated its 5th year business anniversary in Sabah. The celebrations were launched by the Kota Kinabalu Mayor Datuk Abidin Madingkir here on 17 May.

The centre, located on a 1.31-hectare site at the Kota Kinabalu Industrial Park, is currently focusing on diesel engines based on the next generation fuel technologies such as biodiesel fuel and alternative energies.

The purpose of this new technology is to diversify the company's biodiesel fuel research for the reduction of greenhouse gas towards a better environment.

The centre also has a complete facility for chemical analysis for fuel in compliance with the European standard and the American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM) standard. The ASTM is a non-profit organisation.


Friday, May 24, 2013

New Chevrolet Spark electric car to cost 38% less than sibling Volt

This is a welcomed piece of news for Electric Vehicle fans and tree huggers.

In a move to make electric cars more affordable to the masses, GM came out with a relatively cheap Chevrolet Spark costing as low as $19,995 or RM60,675 when converted dollar-to-dollar.

The recently launched electric car, Mitsubishi i-MiEV cost Malaysian consumers RM139,888 to own one! Chevrolet is quite aggressive in the local market and the Chevy Spark is expected to land on our shore at a later date. But a price tag of twice of those that in the US - say RM121,350 - would be ridiculously expensive.

Chevrolet spark EV
Reuters file pic: A model sits in a new Chevrolet Spark auto-transmission during its launch in Hanoi, May 20, 2013. The Chevrolet Spark all-electric subcompact car will cost 38% less than its larger sibling, the hybrid Volt.

GM Chevy Spark electric car's price 38 percent less than sibling hybrid Volt's

DETROIT, May 23 — The Chevrolet Spark all-electric subcompact car will cost US buyers as much as 38 per cent less than what it takes to buy its larger sibling, the hybrid Volt, General Motors Co said today.

The 2014 Spark EV, which goes on sale next month in California and Oregon, will sell for as low as US$19,995 after accounting for the full federal tax credit of US$7,500, GM said. The larger Chevy Volt, which was introduced in the fall of 2010, sells for about US$32,500 after the tax credit.

“The Chevrolet Spark EV is the most efficient — and now one of the most affordable — EVs you can buy,” Chris Perry, GM’s vice-president of Chevrolet marketing, said in a statement.

GM has made rolling out cars with electrical technology — including its eAssist system that boosts fuel efficiency in gasoline-powered cars — as a central part of its global strategy.

The US automaker is aiming by 2017 to build up to 500,000 vehicles a year that include some form of electric engine power, including cars like the Spark EV, the Volt and those with eAssist.

Reference: SRN News

Dealing with dog’s increased barking

Citronella is a fragrant natural oil used as an insect repellent and in perfume and soap manufacture. This oil is obtained from South Asian grass, Cymbopogon nardus. But to use it to stop dogs from barking is news to me.

I saw this on the Boston Herald and I thought dog owners might be interested:-

: :        : :        : :        : :        : :        : :        : :

Dear Dr. John,

My 6-year-old Vizsla has always been a bit of a barking dog, but recently her barking at people seems to have increased. She is perfectly healthy and is seen regularly by our veterinarian. She has lots of energy and we take her wherever we go.

We are renting a cottage for two weeks this summer near the beach, and we are concerned about her barking at the rental property.

As such, and because of the recent increased barking, I did some research and purchased a citronella anti-bark collar. The first time I put it on she quieted down probably because she has previously worn an invisible-fence collar. When she barked it did not work and we realized we did not turn it on. We corrected our mistake, and the next time she barked she got a blast of citronella and freaked out. Then she sulked around until we took the collar off.

Are there other options for us besides what we are using, and will she get used to the blast from the collar when she barks? Thanks.— M.S. (Sunday, May 19, 2013)

Dear M.S.,

I do not have a good explanation for dogs sometimes barking more as they get older other than they sometimes get a little more ornery with age. In some breeds there can be genetic predispositions to increased aggression as they age. but that would be entirely different.

As for your other options, you are simply left with allowing her to continue barking and letting consequences be what they may, getting a shock collar, which I would not advocate, or working on training with a behaviorist and keeping your dog engaged in a way that she is preoccupied and thereby not inclined to bark.

However, the citronella collar that you are using is doing its job. The dog is supposed to be startled when barking and find the spray offensive. The spray that is emitted is triggered by electronic sensing of vibrations in the dog’s neck. You don’t want your dog to get used to the blast from the collar or it will not work, but one or two corrective episodes by the collar will probably effectively curb the barking behavior. If you are concerned about her quieting down or sulking, then use the collar only when needed and let her go without the rest of the time. The choice is up to you.

Dr. John De Jong

Thursday, May 23, 2013

YES world's first Samsung 4G Chromebook launched in Malaysia

This laptop for Malaysian consumers is special. Samsung's Exynos 5-based Chromebook which was made available since last October, now comes equipped with WiMAX radio with 4G chipset pre-installed in it.

Yes launches world's first Samsung 4G Chromebook in Malaysia

Yes on Wednesday, launched the world's first Samsung 4G Chromebook. Developed by Google and Samsung, the 4G Chromebook enables everyone to live, learn, work and play in a simpler, smarter and lighter way.

"The Samsung 4G Chromebook will be the first device for many people. It is affordable, secure and always connected to the Internet. No one will be left out of the Internet age," said YTL Communications Chief Executive Officer Wing K. Lee.

"I am particularly excited at the pace at which 4G connectivity is being rolled out throughout the country. What's happening in Malaysia can be a role model for many other countries around the world."
- Sundar Pichai, Senior Vice President for Android, Chrome and Google Apps

The Samsung 4G Chromebook comes with a built-in 4G chipset that enables seamless and always-on Internet. It is designed from the ground up to work with Yes IDs, providing high-speed mobile Internet connectivity of up to 20Mbps on the Yes 4G network.

The Samsung 4G Chromebook boots in seconds and comes with popular Google apps like YouTube, Gmail and Drive so users can work and play right out of the box. The Samsung 4G Chromebook also comes with 100GB of Google Drive storage that is free for two years. Unlike other computers, it keeps getting faster over time with seamless updates and built-in virus protection.

Perfect for those on-the-go, the Samsung 4G Chromebook is one the lightest laptops on the market weighing in at just 1.1 Kg and a 17.5 mm thin profile with a 7-hour battery life.

Data plan and pricing

The Samsung 4G Chromebook retails at RM988 with a 24-month RM88 postpaid plan which comes with a monthly data quota of 3.5GB. The device alone retails at RM1299. It is now available at Yes Stores nationwide and its online store The device is also available to 1BestariNet Yes ID holders through the FrogStore at and at Bestari roadshows nationwide for RM988 with 24-month RM69 plan which comes with a monthly data quota of 3.5GB.

Source: Mylaunchpad

Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Solar-powered drone that would violate your privacy 24/7

You've heard of the Flying Car which people say is now 'pretty' close to reality.

Now your privacy will be further violated by this unmanned solar-powered drone because it can fly all day without the need for refueling and its surveillance cameras will allow the owner to see things like the hawks do.

Welcome Silent FalconTM - now you can "Fly Silent, Fly Longer, See More"

The Silent Falcon, launched last year, is a 6-foot-long unmanned aircraft that can be launched by hand and can fly for up to 14 hours.

  • Price                   : $250,000 to $300,000 (up to RM900,000)
  • Origin                  : New Mexico, US
  • Size                    : 6-foot long (just about the size of an average human)
  • Power source     : Light weight solar panels
  • Length of flight   : up to 14 hours in full daylight

Targeted markets are the likes of private military contractors and militaries including those in Brazil, India, and Thailand.

Any interest from Malaysia? Ten units of Silent Falcon for $3 million should be a peanut compared to the $500 mil Scorpene submarine we purchased sometime ago.

The Silent Falcon in action, to watch over you!

At 6-foot long, it is light enough to be launched by hand.

This small plane can beam back HD video and is silent from a distance of 30 m

Sources: Forbes, Silent Falcon UAS Technologies
Images: Credit to Silent Falcon website (link given above)

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Dedie Phang is Penampang Unduk Ngadau 2013

Harvest Festival celebration at district level in Penampang was held on 18 May 2013 and was officiated by Penampang ex-MP, Tan Sri Bernard Giluk Dompok.

This year's Harvest Festival (Tadau Kaamatan) theme:

"Potilombuso Piunungan om Pirotian Maya Kaamatan"
"Goodwill and Understanding Through Kaamatan"
"Kekalkan Semangat Muhibbah dan Persefahaman Melalui Kaamatan"

Following the old age tradition, the peak of the celebration is the beauty pageant or known locally as Unduk Ngadau. Here are some of the pictures:-

Top ten who made it to the final round

Introducing themselves to the audience & judges:-

 Miss Dedie Phang, flanked by Miss Sharoiren Waling (L) and Miss.. (R)

                   Penampang Unduk Ngadau 2013: Miss Dedie Phang

"Kotobian Tadau Tagazo Do Kaamatan"

Saturday, May 18, 2013

New Cabinet Ministers of Malaysia 2013

The following is the new line-up of Ministers and Deputy Ministers as announced by PM Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak:


Prime Minister: Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak

Deputy Prime Minister: Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin

1. Prime Minister's Department:

Datuk Seri Jamil Khir Baharom
Datuk Seri Abdul Wahid Omar (to be appointed senator)
Datuk Seri Idris Jala (to be appointed senator)
Tan Sri Joseph Kurup
Datuk Seri Shahidan Kassim
Nancy Shukri
Datuk Joseph Entulu Belaun
Datuk Paul Low Seng Kuan (to be appointed senator)

Deputy Ministers
Datuk Razali Ibrahim
P. Waythamoorthy (to be appointed senator)

2. Finance Ministry
Minister I: Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak
Minister II: Datuk Seri Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah
Deputy Minister: Datuk Ahmad Maslan

3. Education Ministry
Minister I: Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin
Minister II Datuk Seri Idris Jusoh
Deputy Minister I: Datuk Mary Yap
Deputy Minister II: P. Kamalanathan

4. Home Affairs Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Deputy Minister: Datuk Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar

5. Communication and Multimedia Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Ahmad Shabery Cheek
Deputy Minister: Datuk Jailani Johari

6. International Trade and Industry Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Mustapa Mohamed
Deputy Minister: Hamim Samuri

7. Natural Resources and Environment Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri G. Palanivel
Deputy Minister: Datuk James Dawos Mamit

8. Transport Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein (acting)
Deputy Minister: Datuk Aziz Kaprawi

9. Tourism and Culture Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz
Deputy Minister: Datuk Joseph Salang (he later declined the appointment)

10. Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob
Deputy Minister: Datuk Tajuddin Abdul Rahman

11. Defence Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein
Deputy Minister: Datuk Abdul Rahim Bakri

12. Works Ministry
Minister: Datuk Fadillah Yusof
Deputy Minister: Datuk Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin

13. Health Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Dr S. Subramaniam
Deputy Minister: Datuk Seri Dr Hilmi Yahaya

14. Youth and Sports Ministry
Minister: Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar
Deputy Minister: Datuk M. Saravanan

15. Human Resources Ministry
Minister: Datuk Richard Riot
Deputy Minister: Datuk Ismail Abdul Muttalib

16. Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism Ministry
Minister: Datuk Hasan Malek
Deputy Minister: Datuk Ahmad Bashah Md Hanipah (to be appointed senator)

17. Women, Family and Community Development Ministry
Minister: Datuk Rohani Abdul Karim
Deputy Minister: Datuk Azizah Mohd Dun

18. Foreign Affairs Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Anifah Aman
Deputy Minister: Datuk Hamzah Zainuddin

19. Urban Well-being, Housing and Local Government Ministry
Minister: Datuk Abdul Rahman Dahalan
Deputy Minister: Datuk Halimah Sadique

20. Plantation Industries and Commodities Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Douglas Uggah Embas
Deputy Minister: Datuk Noriah Kasnon

21. Rural and Regional Development Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Mohd Shafie Apdal
Deputy Minister: Datuk Alexander Nanta Linggi

22. Federal Territories Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor
Deputy Minister: Datuk Dr J. Loga Bala Mohan

23. Energy, Green Technology and Water Ministry
Minister: Datuk Seri Maximus Ongkili
Deputy Minister: Datuk Seri Mahdzir Khalid

24. Science, Technology and Innovation Ministry
Minister: Datuk Dr Ewon Ebin
Deputy Minister: Datuk Dr Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah

Number of Ministries: 24
Number of Ministers: 30
Number of Deputy Ministers: 27

Total: 57

Friday, May 17, 2013

SolarCity gets $500mil financing from Goldman Sachs for Solar Leasing

The amount of financing demonstrates that Financial Institutions have confidence in solar power as a viable business venture.

This initiative by SolarCity:-

  • $500 million in financing (approx. RM1.5 billion)
  • 110 MW of solar power generated,
  • Largest single financing agreement for rooftops in the US, so far
  • Little or no up-front cost for homeowners and businesses who invest in the system

Rooftop solar leasing, anyone? The Solar Settlement in Freiburg, Germany. Photo credit: Rolf Disch Solar Architecture

SolarCity is getting more than $500 million in financing to develop and implement solar roof systems in the United States. Similar solar 'leasing' on rooftops was mooted in Australia last year.

SolarCity scores $500 million in financing

SolarCity Corp. (SCTY), a solar-energy developer chaired by billionaire Elon Musk, won financing from Goldman Sachs (GS) Group Inc. for more than $500 million in rooftop solar systems that the company will complete this year.

The lease-financing agreement will help SolarCity build about 110 megawatts of solar power systems with little or no up-front cost for homeowners and businesses, San Mateo, California-based SolarCity said today in a statement.

The deal is the largest single financing agreement for rooftop systems in the U.S. and will raise awareness of the quality of the solar-lease asset class, SolarCity Chief Executive Officer Lyndon Rive said in a telephone interview.

“We hope it sends a signal that solar is a stable and reliable asset to invest in,” Rive said in an interview. “These aren’t luxury yachts we’re talking about, it’s your energy, and the default rates are lower than mortgages.”

During the first quarter, SolarCity said it invested $138.2 million in solar systems as demand for rooftop panels from homeowners and businesses surged.

For New York-based Goldman Sachs, the SolarCity agreement will help reach the Wall Street bank’s goal of financing $40 billion in renewable energy during the next decade, said Stuart Bernstein, global head of clean technology.

“SolarCity’s range of distributed solar solutions targeting a wider customer base will help us move toward a low carbon energy future,” Bernstein said in the statement.

Source: REW

Cyber crime: Malaysia sixth most vulnerable

If you are residing in one of these countries, you are highly at risk of cyber crime. This is according Norton Cyber Crime Report 2012:-
  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Hong Kong
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Philippines
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • United Arab Emirates

- in no particular order.

: :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :

Malaysia sixth most vulnerable

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia is the sixth most vulnerable country in the world to cyber crime, in the form of malware attacks through the computer or smartphone.

CyberSecurity Malaysia Research vice president Lt Col (R) Sazali Sukardi said the Sophos Security Threat Report 2013 found, in a period of three months this year, that besides Malaysia, nine others - Hong Kong, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, Mexico, India, the Philippines, Thailand, China and Indonesia - were also highly at risk.

"Cyber thieves have stolen about RM331.7bil worldwide, at an average of RM593 per victim based on the Norton Cyber Crime Report 2012," he said, while presenting a working paper entitled "Collaboration and cooperation in the fight against cyber crime" at a two-day e-Crime conference, here, Thursday.

However, cyber crime in the country decreased from 15,218 cases in 2011 to 9,986 cases in 2012, he said.

He attributed the drop to effective enforcement by the government enforcement agencies, including CyberSecurity.

According to Sazali, the highest reported cyber crime was fraud, followed by cyber invasion attempts, spam, denial of service, content-related offences, malicious code and cyber defamation.

"We are also facing security threats from international criminal organisations that abuse the internet for various cross-border illegal activities such as drugs, human trafficking, financial fraud and money laundering," he said.

He urged the public to contact CyberSecurity at its helpline Cyber999 through 03-89926969 to provide information or lodge a public complaint. - Bernama

Trivia Friday: Do plants die of old age?

Common knowledge tells us that every living thing will inevitably die, eventually.

mission accomplished
                                  See more pics at my Flickr photostream.

ScienceFocus says that, given optimum conditions, some plants can live forever. It takes a change in external conditions to finish them off.

Annual plants, however, usually die soon after seeding.

Thursday, May 16, 2013

Save yourself the trouble - Don't travel with pressure cooker!

If you plan to travel abroad, it's wise to skip the pressure cooker.

Sound weird huh? But you'll be in a lot of of trouble if you travel to the US with one packed in your luggage because pressure cooker is now considered a dangerous weapon. Two pressure cookers were used in last month's Boston Marathon bombing.

Seriously though, who would want to take all the trouble to bring that bulky cooker in his suitcase and trouble to the States? Don't they have one there. If you intend to bring one, that can only mean you are planning to stay there for sometime. Why not just buy one?

: :        : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :       : :

The following is an extract from what AP reported on Monday, but you can read more at at Yahoo News:-

(AP Photo/Carlos Osorio) - File photo shows jets outside Detroit Metropolitan Airport. Saudi man, Hussain Al Kwawahir was arrested Saturday at the airport after lying about why he was traveling with a pressure cooker.

Saudi man traveling with pressure cooker arrested

A Saudi man was arrested at Detroit Metropolitan Airport after federal agents said he lied about why he was traveling with a pressure cooker, but his nephew said Monday that it was all a misunderstanding about a device he simply wanted for cooking.

Two pressure cookers were used in last month's Boston Marathon bombings.

Hussain Al Khawahir was being held in Detroit on allegations of lying to Customs and Border Protection agents and of using a passport with a missing page. He was arrested Saturday.

His nephew, Nasser Almarzooq, told The Associated Press that he had asked his uncle to bring him the pressure cooker so he could make lamb. The college student said two pressure cookers he bought in the U.S. were "not good at all," and said the ones available in Saudi Arabia are higher quality.

Almarzooq said his uncle was coming to visit him for a couple weeks.

A criminal complaint alleges that Al Khawahir arrived at the airport Saturday on a flight from Saudi Arabia via Amsterdam, and that he told agents he was visiting his nephew.

He originally said he brought the pressure cooker with him because pressure cookers aren't sold in America, then later said his nephew had bought one but it "was cheap" and broke after one use, according to the complaint.

Agents said they also noticed a page was missing from Al Khawahir's passport from Saudi Arabia. He told them he didn't how it had been removed, and said the document had been locked in a box that only he, his wife and three children have access to in his home, according to the complaint.

Sunday, May 12, 2013

What advantage is there in finding a sunset beautiful?

Red sunsets, as Science Focus puts it, are associated with settled high pressure systems that don’t wash all the dust out of the lower atmosphere, and high pressure tends to mean fine weather.

could you help us with this, Sir? thank you
First Beach, Tanjung Aru Kota Kinabalu

But it would be a stretch to say that our appreciation of sunsets is a genetic weather-forecasting mechanism. Rather, we have evolved an aesthetic sense as part of the wider analytical faculties of our brain.

let's celebrate!
Man-made rocky beach, off Jalan Pacific Sutera

Far from being skin deep, ‘beauty’ is a shorthand way of measuring the fundamental ‘rightness’ of a thing. In people for example, the attributes we find beautiful generally correlate quite well with physical health or reproductive ability. Instead of evaluating all these different attributes independently, they all get rolled into a single measure: beauty.

peaceful sunset
Sunset shot near Pacific Sutera

The philosopher Dennis Dutton has suggested that the open rolling plains with occasional trees, that are so often represented in landscape art, are beautiful to us because they resemble the savanna of the Pleistocene epoch, when Homo erectus was first developing an aesthetic sense. Red sunsets would have been a familiar part of these landscapes and in an era when night was the most dangerous time, making sure you were safely back at camp to appreciate the last dying gasp of the day was probably especially important.

The opinion is ScienceFocus' but the images are mine.

Saturday, May 11, 2013

Malaysia's Hytex to develop wind farm with China’s Gezhouba

Better known as garment manufacturer in Malaysia, Hytex is making its maiden foray into energy generation. Renewable energy to be specific.

Report says that is has signed  a memorandum of understanding to develop and build a wind farm in Guizhou Province, China:

Wind farm capacity        : 50 MW
Turbine type                  : MagLev vertical Wind Turbine
Energy production         : 200 GWh annually
Cost                               : ¥500 million (RM245 million)
Project implementation  : October 2013 - October 2015
Concession period         : 30 years

TheGreenMechanics: Too bad, the wind condition in Malaysia does not permit large scale wind farming. Perhaps, when  technology permits low wind speed to turn large wind turbines, then we'll see different scenario in the local wind energy sector.

Hytex to develop wind farm in China

PETALING JAYA: Hytex Integrated Bhd is collaborating with China's Gezhouba Group Electric Power Co Ltd to develop a 500 million yuan maglev wind farm in Guizhou Province, China.

In a statement, Hytex said Gezhouba had been appointed as turnkey contractor to develop the wind farm on a build-and-transfer basis for Hytex, and it expected a final agreement to be concluded with Gezhouba in the second quarter.

The MoU was signed via Hytex's unit, Hytex Integrated (Suzhou) Co Ltd (HIS), with Gezhouba. Gezhouba is a unit of China Gezhouba Group, a Hubei-based construction and engineering company which was the main contractor of the Three Gorges Project.

“The 50MW Guizhou maglev wind farm project will cost an estimated 500 million yuan to develop and build. Upon completion, it is expected to produce more than 200GW of electricity annually for the China Southern Grid in Taijiang county which has a population of more than 60 million people,” it said.

Work on the project is expected to begin in October and will be completed by October 2015. It would be based on a projected concession period of 30 years with an option extension of 20 years.

Meanwhile, HIS and its green technology partner, Shenzhen Timar Scenery Energy Technology Co Ltd (STSET), will fabricate and supply the maglev wind turbines and other equipment required.

“HIS and STSET will also provide the technical skills and expertise required to develop and build this renewable energy facility.

HIS teamed up with STSET earlier in February under a joint venture wind farm agreement to develop a wind farm project.

Source: The Star biz

Friday, May 10, 2013

SEDA Malaysia clarifies on 1% surcharge in electricity bills

Lately, people have been talking in the negative tones and putting the 1% levy on electricity bills in a bad light.

The social media talked about this surcharge as 'an increase in the electricity bills' that is inevitable as the government is looking to recover some of its expenses in the run up to the election. This is NOT TRUE.

I have been following the FiT Scheme development in Malaysia and the 1% surcharge is imposed only on consumers consuming higher-than-average energy - as a rough guideline, consumers with monthly bill of RM77 and above.

This is what SEDA Malaysia has to say:

KUALA LUMPUR, May 2 (Bernama) -- The Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA) Malaysia has clarified that the one per cent surcharge in electricity bills is a contribution towards the Renewable Energy (RE) Fund for the Feed-in Tariff (FiT) mechanism, which commenced on Dec 1, 2011.

SEDA Malaysia today issued a statement to clarify the purpose of the surcharge imposed by Tenaga Nasional Bhd in its electricity bills to consumers.

Chief Executive Officer Badriyah Abdul Malek said: "This clarification is necessary because we noticed that the surcharge has become an issue in the online social network over the past few weeks.

"The main function of the RE Fund is to pay the tariff for the electricity generated from renewable sources by renewable energy producers and individuals under the FiT mechanism, which is managed and administered by SEDA Malaysia," she said.

The fund, established through the enforcement of the Renewable Energy Act 2011, is an important part of the FiT mechanism to spearhead the growth of renewable energy in the country.

The public is urged to seek clarification with SEDA Malaysia on any questions regarding the one per cent surcharge.
Source: SEDA website.

TheGreenMechanics: Don't take the stories in the social media at face value.

Battle of the Currents: Is AC better than DC?

A somewhat strange question, isn't it?

If you ask someone in the plywood and wood veneer or paper industry, you would probably hear a lot more  about direct current (DC) applications than those in other sectors. If you are in water production, almost all of your pumps would be driven by induction motors powered by alternating current (AC).

So which system or technology is better?

Two of the pioneers in electrical engineering field have different preference: Thomas Edison is advocating DC and Nikola Tesla on AC. We continue to argue and these gentlemen would have been proud of that long legacy, and the fact that we are still caught in the loop of disagreement.

Image courtesy of ABB

A global leader in both AC and DC technologies, Asea Brown Boveri (ABB), takes a look at pitting these two from the perspective of modern technology, the Data Centres:
(ABB says it didn't take side)

1) DC is more efficient than AC: DC proponents claim 25-30% efficiency improvement, AC advocates counter with data that implies marginal if any differences in power supply efficiencies.
The fact is, if you compare a state-of-the-art AC power supply with a similarly advanced DC power supply, the efficiency improvements for DC are indeed only in the range of 2%.

 However, when comparing true efficiency “from grid to chip,” DC power architecture is typically 8-12% more efficient, depending on the IT power supply. Granted there is no disagreement that other factors such as server loading and cooling have a more profound impact on data center efficiency than the power architecture but every improvement matters.

2) DC is more reliable than AC: Independently collected empirical data as well as laboratory tests give evidence that DC power systems increase reliability over comparable AC systems by a factor of up to 100.Flip that coin, and you could say that DC allows simplification of power systems architecture without jeopardizing availability.

3) DC is cheaper than AC: This angle of the debate has seen a fair amount of cheating but ABB says that, analysis shows that the true cost of a DC power system (including switchgear, UPS, cabling etc.) is at least 20 % lower than that of a comparable AC architecture.

However, as pointed out above, the biggest cost savings lies in the potential to simplify the architecture and achieve the same (or greater) savings with significantly less equipment.

Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication!

Speaking of simplicity, an indisputable advantage of DC is that it allows to connect multiple energy sources such as the utility grid and on-site generated power (e.g. from fuel cells, solar, wind etc.) onto a common bus without complicated controls and synchronization.

This, I agree totally, 100%. Sophistication should simplify things and not make it difficult.

Reference: ABB

Thursday, May 9, 2013

Fire risk: GM recalls 43,500 hybrid cars in North America

Oh no. This is not a good news at all for hybrid vehicles big community.

In a rare incident, GM is recalling hybrid car models for issues related to 'potential overheating of the circuit board' that could lead to a loss of battery charge and cause the engine to stall. Models affected are:
  • Chevrolet Malibu Eco 2013
  • Buick LaCrosse 2012 - 2013
  • Buick Regal sedan 2012 - 2013
Recalling is uncommon in vehicle industry, but let's hope this will not halt the progress and dim people's enthusiasm for energy-efficient cars.

BTW, this hybrid is powered by a combination of a 2.4-liter 4-cylinder gas engine and a 15-hp electric motor, is priced at $25,995 in the US. That's about RM77,036 in Malaysia in dollar-to-dollar conversion. I bet it will cost you no less than RM160,000 in our 'import-friendly' car market!

The Chevrolet Malibu Eco

As reported by the press:

General Motors is recalling nearly 43,000 hybrid vehicles in the United States and around 500 in Canada to fix a defect that could cause a fire in the trunk, the automaker said Monday.

The recall affects Chevrolet Malibu Eco models from the 2013 model year and Buick LaCrosse and Regal sedans from 2012 and 2013 which are equipped with eAssist hybrid gas-electric engines.

"The issue is the potential overheating of the circuit boards in the generator control module, but it does not involve the eAssist battery," GM said in a statement.

GM said an overheating circuit board could lead to a loss of battery charge and cause the engine to stall.

"In addition, there may be a burning or melting odor, smoke, and, in rare instances, a fire in the trunk," GM spokesman Alan Adler said in a statement.

Most of the incidents occurred within the first 1,000 miles of operation, GM said and only two led to trunk fires. One was during an October screening in a dealership and the other occurred in March.

No injuries or crashes were reported as a result of the defect, GM said.
Source: The Bangkok Post

Wednesday, May 8, 2013

Solar cartoon Wednesday

The truth, I'm afraid, is not far from the following illustration.

Mr Solarman with his bags of 'cash from the sun'.

Look on the brighter side - on the right hand side that is.

The solar truth...

The Feed-in Tariff mechanism in Malaysia actually makes it possible for you to accumulate $$. Of course not in a similar fashion as our Mr Solarman here, but you get the idea - you have a net-cash generator on top of your roof.

Read about the Rooftop Solar PV scheme in Malaysia here.

Alternatively, you can go to SEDA Malaysia website.

Top 10 longest pregnancies (Land mammal)

While it is the biggest known land animal in the modern days, elephant is also the land mammal with longest pregnancy period. The following is the list of the top ten longest pregnancies (land mammal):-

1. Elephant
21-22 months
Maximum birth weight: 120kg
Life span: Up to 80 years

2. Rhinoceros
15-18 months
Maximum birth weight: 65kg
Life span: Up to 50 years

3. Giraffe
15 months
Maximum birth weight: 75kg
Life span: Up to 25 years

4. Camel
13-14 months
Maximum birth weight: 50kg
Life span: Up to 50 years

5. Tapir
13 months
Maximum birth weight: 10kg
Life span: Up to 30 years

6. Donkey
12 months
Maximum birth weight: 25kg
Life span: Up to 50 years

7. Llama
11-12 months
Maximum birth weight: 14kg
Life span: Up to 25 years

8. Horse
11 months
Maximum birth weight: 55kg
Life span: Up to 60 years

9. Cow
9-10 months
Maximum birth weight: 40kg
Life span: Up to 20 years

10. Human
9 months
Maximum birth weight: 7kg
Life span: Up to 130 years

Source: Sunday Edition, Daily Express 5/5/13

Tuesday, May 7, 2013

PRU13: Senarai Penuh Pemenang Kerusi DUN Sabah

Post ini bertujuan memudahkan carian dalam Bahasa Malaysia bagi senarai penuh pemenang-pemenang kerusi Dewan Undangan Negeri, Sabah, dalam pilihanraya umum ke-13 pada 5 Mei 2013.

Dalam carian Bahasa Inggeris, saya menghadapi sedikit kesukaran untuk mendapatkan senarai tersebut. Sebagai ringkasan, Barisan Nasional memenangi 48 daripada 60 kerusi yang dipertandingkan, 11 Pakatan Rakyat, dan 1 STAR.

Senarai tersebut juga disertakan penyandang pada pilihanraya 2008 yang lalu..

Hope that helps.


Sunday, May 5, 2013

Full result of Malaysia's GE13: Sabah State Assembly

The full result of Malaysia's 13th General Election for SABAH State Assembly is as follows:

Sabah has 60 state seats and a simple majority to win the election is 31 seats. This page will be updated throughout the vote counting, please stay tuned -



Barisan Nasional (BN)   : 48
Pakatan Rakyat (PR)    : 11
STAR                            : 1
Others                           : 0


Full list of Candidates for Sabah State election can be found here.

N1 – BANGGI (9,861)
Winner: Abd Mijul Unaini ((BN- UMNO) 

N2 – TANJONG KAPOR (22,476)
Winner: Datuk Teo Chee Kang (BN) 

N3 – PITAS (14,912)
Winner: Datuk Bolkiah Bin Ismail (BN-UMNO) 

N4 – MATUNGGONG (19,977)
Winner: Jelin Bin Dasanap @ Jelani Bin Hamdan (PKR)

N5 – TANDEK (22,220)
Winner: Lasiah Baranting @ Anita (BN) 

N6 – TEMPASUK (16,866)
Winner: Datuk Musbah Bin Jambli (BN-UMNO) 

N7 – KADAMAIAN (15,903)
Winner: Ukoh @ Jeremy Bin Malajad @ Malazad (PKR)

N8 – USUKAN (18,698)
Winner: Datuk Md Salleh Md Said (BN-UMNO)

N9 – TAMPARULI (17,265)
Winner: Datuk Mojilip Bin Bumburing @ Wilfred (PKR)

N10 – SULAMAN (19,587)
Winner: Datuk Hajiji Bin Haji Noor (BN-UMNO) 

N11 – KIULU (11,424)
Winner: Datuk Joniston Bangkuai (BN-PBS)

N12 – KARAMBUNAI (28,971)
Winner: Datuk Jainab Ahmad (BN-UMNO) 

N13 – INANAM (24,403)
Winner: Roland Chia Ming Shen (PKR)

N14 – LIKAS (15,294)
Winner: Wong Hong Jun (DAP)

N15 – API API (15,103)
WinnerLiew Chin Jin (PKR)

N16 – LUYANG (20,119)
Winner: Hiew King Cheu (DAP)

N17 – TANJUNG ARU (21,973)
Winner: Datuk Edward Yong Oui Fah (BN-PBS) 

N18 – PETAGAS (15,517)
Winner: Datuk Yahya Hussin (BN-UMNO) 

N19 – KAPAYAN (26,767)
Winner: Dr Edwin @ Jack Bosi (DAP)

N20 – MOYOG (17,556)
Winner: Terrence Alon Siambun (PKR)

N21 – KAWANG (19,901)
Winner: Datuk Gulamhaidar Khan Bahadar (BN-UMNO) 

N22 – PANTAI MANIS (18,870)
Winner: Datuk Abdul Rahim Ismail (BN-UMNO) 

N23 – BONGAWAN (14,851)
Winner: Mohammad Alamin (BN-UMNO)

N24 – MEMBAKUT (11,777)
Winner: Datuk Mohd Arifin Bin Mohd Arif (BN-UMNO) 

N25 – KLIAS (15,338)
Initially, in the unofficial count: Datuk Lajim Bin Ukin (PKR).
It was learnt to have been changed to BN

N26 – KUALA PENYU (14,759)
Winner: Limus Jury (BN-UPKO)

N27 – LUMADAN (13,777)
Winner: Kamarlin Ombi (BN-UMNO) 

N28 – SINDUMIN (15,400)
Winner: Ahmad Bujang (BN-UMNO) 

N29 – KUNDASANG (13,322)
Winner: Joachim Gunsalam (BN-PBS) 

N30 – KARANAAN (12,456)
Winner: Datuk Masidi bin Manjun (BN)

N31 – PAGINATAN (13,275)
Winner: Datuk Siringan Bin Gubat @ Aliance (BN-UPKO)

N32 – TAMBUNAN (13,757)
Winner: Datuk Masidi Bin Manjun @ Masdi (BN-UMNO) 

N33 – BINGKOR (15,878)
Winner: Datuk Dr Jeffrey G. Kitingan (STAR)

N34 – LIAWAN (14,056)
Winner: Datuk Sairin Karno (BN-UMNO) 

N35 – MELALAP (12,074)
Winner: Datuk Radin Malleh (BN-PBS) 

N36 – KEMABONG (13,230)
Winner: Datuk Rubin Balang (BN-UMNO) 

N37 – SOOK (10,598)
Winner: Datuk Elron Angin (BN-PBRS) 

N38 – NABAWAN (9,840)
Winner: Datuk Bobbey Suan (BN-UPKO)

N39 – SUGUT (9,675)
Winner: Datuk James Ratib (BN-UMNO)

N40 – LABUK (15,013)
Winner: Datuk Michael Asang (BN-PBS) 

N41 – GUM GUM (11,734)
Winner: Datuk Zakaria Edris (BN-UMNO) 
(2008: DATUK ZAKARIA MOHD. EDRIS: BN: won unopossed)

N42 – SUNGAI SIBUGA (28,038)
Winner: Datuk Seri Musa Aman (BN-UMNO) 

N43 – SEKONG (14,247)
WinnerDatuk Samsudin Bin Yahya (BN-UMNO) 

N44 – KARAMUNTING (15,952)
WinnerCharles Pang (BN-LDP)

N45 – ELOPURA (22,317)
Winner: Au Kam Wah (BN) 
(2008: AU KAM WAH)

N46 – TANJONG PAPAT (14,741)

Winner: Raymond Tan Shu Kiah (BN) 

N47 – KUAMUT (14,915)
Winner: Masiung Banah (BN) 

N48 – SUKAU (9,833)
Winner: Datuk Saddi Abdi Rahman (BN-UMNO) 

N49 – TUNGKU (14,626)
Winner: Datuk Mohd Suhaili Bin Said (BN-UMNO) 

N50 – LAHAD DATU (25,232)
Winner: Dato’ Mohammad Yusof Bin Apdal (BN-UMNO)

N51 – KUNAK (11,804)
Winner: Datuk Nilwan Bin Kabang (BN) 

N52 – SULABAYAN (12,642)
Winner: Datuk Jaujan Sambakong (BN-UMNO)

N53 – SENALLANG (13,210)
Winner: Datuk Nasir Tun Sakaran (BN-UMNO) 

N54 – BUGAYA (15,697)
Winner: Datuk Ramlee Marahaban (BN-UMNO) 

N55 – BALUNG (13,526)
Winner: Datuk Syed Abas Syed Ali (BN-UMNO) 

N56 – APAS (15,837)
Winner: Datuk Tawfiq Bin Abu Bakar Titingan (BN-UMNO) 

N57 – SRI TANJUNG (22,175)
Winner: Chan Foong Hin (DAP)

N58 – MEROTAI (18,317)
Winner: Datuk Pang Yuk Ming (BN) 

N59 – TANJONG BATU (18,386)
Winner: Datuk Hamisa Samat (BN-UMNO) 

N60 – SEBATIK  (10,090)
: Abd Muis Picho (BN-UMNO)