Monday, February 25, 2013

Wi-Fi: What are the health risks related to it?

It is good that most of your computing works today are seamless and done wirelessly, thanks to WiFi technology. But the more you use it the more you'll be wondering if there've been health risks linked to it.

         Radio waves emitted through Wi-Fi technology are at much lower intensities.

What is Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi is the name of a wireless networking technology that allows an electronic device to exchange data wirelessly and it provide high-speed Internet and network connections. It is based on radio waves whose frequency is similar to that of microwaves.

Any ill health effect?

Given what microwave ovens can do to, say, meats, chicken nuggets, it is perhaps not surprising that there has been concern that exposure to Wi-Fi could be unhealthy. Fortunately, however, while they are found to be used everywhere, Wi-Fi waves are emitted at far lower intensities than microwaves in ovens. As a result, they cannot produce anything like the same heating effect.

Even so, some people still worry that perhaps even this far weaker effect could cause damage after years of exposure. To date, epidemiologists have failed to uncover any consistent evidence for even long-term effects.

It does, however, suggest that the health effects, if there are any, are pretty weak, and that we should worry about more hazardous things, such as tripping over all the cables we would need if we did not use Wi-Fi devices.

Technology, as it seem, is something you cannot go without.

References: Sciencefocus and The guardian

Saturday, February 23, 2013

Kota Kinabalu to have Malaysia's first green taxi stand

Great initiative by great people for the people! More corporations and private firms need to come forward  and contribute to life-enhancing ideas such as this one.

You can read further in the following article but to summarise it, the first ever green taxi stand in Malaysia - expected to be completed in KK in three months' time, probably in June 2013 - will feature among others:-

  • use of green building materials,
  • powered 100% by solar,
  • energy saving LED lightings, 
  • energy saving ceiling fans,
  • free power socket for phone charging

An artist's impression of the green taxi stand at Kg. Air. D.Express photo

Let's hope that more such stands (taxi and bus stands) would be built in and around the city centre, courtesy of generous firms, individuals and corporations.

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Kota Kinabalu's first green taxi stand in the making
D.Express, Feb 23
A proposal to upgrade and renovate the existing taxi stand at Jalan Pantai in Kampung Air, here, would see the first "green" taxi stand in the country.

The project, designed by local architect Sim Sie Hong of Innotech Design Architects Sdn Bhd, would convert the existing taxi stand into a new taxi stand using renewable and green building materials.

This was disclosed to Mayor Datuk Abidin Madingkir by Teo Chew Association President, Chua Soon Ping, during a courtesy call in City Hall. Chua said the project is initiated and partly sponsored by the Association  together with several other companies.

Explaining the project as part of their corporate  social responsibility for the city, Chua said the new taxi stand will be 100% powered by solar power, using the latest thin film technology to power up the basic essentials lighting and ceiling fans, with some power socket for phone charging to be used by the taxi operators.

On the design, he said the new seating area will also be specially design to prevent people to sleep on it, and will have an extended roof cover to prevent taxi passengers getting wet during rainy days.

Other features will also include new LED lighting to lit the area at night and ceiling fans to keep the taxi stand cool and ventilated during hot sunny days.

According to Chua, the project would take three months to complete and once in place it would serve as a prototype of a small green building in the city, which is energy saving.

Abidin thanked the Association and the sponsors for their contribution and regarded their effort as very good example of 'smart partnership' between the Association and the corporate sector, to assist Kota Kinabalu City Hall to make the City a more liveable place.

The Mayor said the City Hall would also conduct study to look into possibility of using the same technology for all the bus stands in the city in the future.

TheGreenMechanics: How about having a fleet of "green taxi" in the city? A far-fetched ambition, or dream?

Google giving away wonder glasses

Step aside bionic eyes, here comes your new challenger - a smart piece of glass.

Well, it's not exactly a 'give away' as the title suggests, as it cost early adopters or 'explorers' $1,500 to own the internet-enabled Google Glass. But its arrival could change the way on how people choose to get connected, and potentially being exposed. Or, do we really want to spend every second that we're awake connected to the net?

: : Photo credits: ndtv and zdnet : :
: :

How it works

It is claimed to perform many of the same tasks as smartphones, except the spectacles respond to voice commands instead of fingers touching a display screen. The glasses include a tiny display screen attached to a rim above the right eye and run on Google's Android operating system for mobile devices.

It will be easier to take pictures or record video anywhere and anytime. Just tell Google Glass to look for specific online search and you'll see the piece of information right in front of your eyes.

I suspect there'll be a bit of a challenge though for Asian users. Google's Android system has a voice search function on smartphones and tablet computers. Apple has its voice assistant Siri. But these voice search apps recognise English mainly in Europe (UK) and North America. What about localised English in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, India, Hong Kong, etc?

But then again, the prospect of wearing a pair of these is pretty exciting.

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From  Associated Press on Feb 21:
Google to give contest winners a chance to buy its $1,500 glasses

SAN FRANCISCO: Google is giving more people a chance to pay $1,500 for a pair of the internet-connected glasses that the company is touting as the next breakthrough in mobile computing.

The product, dubbed "Google Glass," will be offered to "bold, creative individuals" selected as part of a contest announced Wednesday. Participants must live in the US and submit an application of up to 50 words explaining what they would do with the Google Glass technology. Entries must include the hash tag "ifihadglass" and be submitted through Google+ or Twitter by February 27. Google did not say how many glasses it will sell this way.

Winners will receive the "Explorer" version of Google Glass, a forerunner of the product that is expected to be released to the mass market next year. Google already sold an unspecified number of the glasses to computer programmers who also paid $1,500 apiece at a company conference last June.

To gauge how people might use its glasses, Google is encouraging entrants in its contest to include up to five photos and 15 seconds of video with their applications. The company doesn't want to see any nudity or violence. "Basically, don't add anything you wouldn't be OK with your Mom seeing," Google advised.

Google Glass is at the forefront of a new wave of technology known as "wearable computing."

Friday, February 22, 2013

MyLED Opto eyes 70% local market share in 5 years

This is another testimony that we are capable of producing products with cutting edge technology but end up shipping them out of the country for others to use.

Homegrown MyLED produces among others:
  • LED fluorescent lamps
  • Yellow LED lamps
  • LED street lamps
  • LED floodlights
The reason for the 70% shipping out to foreign markets could be a combination of small market in Malaysia and our slow adoption of LED lighting applications. I hope it is not the latter.

LED tube similar to the conventional fluorescent tube, but uses 50% less energy, is one of MyLED's products. Power factor ranges from 0.8 to 0.9

MyLED Opto Technology Sdn Bhd to capture local market

Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia's first light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and solid-state lighting (SSL) producer, MyLED Opto Technology Sdn Bhd (MyLED Opto), targets 70 per cent local market share in five years from 30 to 40 per cent currently.

Chief Executive Officer Jetson Lai said the company is optimistic of capturing a bigger share of the local market with its prices 10 to 15 per cent lower than international brands.

"About 70 per cent of sales is from foreign markets, which are our current focus, with high demand from Japan, Sri Lanka, the United Kingdom and Indonesia," he said in a statement here.

Lai said MyLed Opto will more aggressively market its products locally.

"The plan is to raise production capacity to 200,000 units of fluorescent lamp tubes a month from 50,000 units now," he said.

MyLed Group, which is 75 per cent Bumiputera-owned, offers various LED lamps including street lamps, floodlights, fluorescent lamps as well as yellow LED lamps for the local and overseas markets.

The company expects to rake in about RM2 billion in revenue over the next five years, he said.

"We have signed an agreement with the marketing arm of a Japanese company to supply LED lamps for self-service machines, which number 10 million units nationwide," he said.

Lai said to meet rising demand, MyLED Opto plans to venture into upstream industries and start production of LED components in the second half of this year.

"To meet this target, MyLed Opto plans to invest RM120 million to RM150 million to expand operations and buy high-technology production machinery, the plan is expected to start in June.

"We are working to obtain financing from financial institutions and the government, and we hope banks see the LED industry as an industry of the future after IT due to the technology's energy saving potential," he said.

MyLed Opto's RM5.2 million manufacturing plant in Batu Berendam, Melaka has been operating since last year. - Bernama

Thursday, February 21, 2013

Goal-line tech at World Cup 2014

I've been waiting for this to happen.

People have been talking a lot about goal-line technology and I hope this will finally become reality during the FIFA World Cup 2014 in Brazil.

This is the disallowed Frank Lampard's goal against Germany during 2010 World Cup. The goal happened when England was trailing Germany by 2 goals to 1 and had it been allowed, the game approach would have been different as the momentum was all on England. Photo The Sun

What is goal-line technology

In football, goal-line technology is a method used to determine when the ball has completely crossed the goal line with the assistance of electronic devices or camera, or combination of both, and at the same time assisting the referee in calling a goal or not.

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FIFA confirms goal-line technology at World Cup
Reuters, Feb 19.

ZURICH  - Goal-line technology will be used at the 2014 World Cup and two more systems could be considered in addition to the existing pair, soccer's world governing body FIFA said on Tuesday.

Two systems, Hawkeye and Goalref, have so far been licensed by FIFA and both were used at last year's World Club Cup in Japan, one in each of the two stadiums, where goal-line technology was employed for the first time.

FIFA said a third system, developed in Germany, had already passed examinations and that the providers were in licensing discussions. A fourth system, also German, has also been tested with the results due this week.

FIFA confirmed goal-line technology was "successful" at the World Club Cup, although there were no incidents where it had to be used.

It intends to install goal-line technology at all 12 venues at the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.

"After a successful implementation of goal-line technology (GLT) at the Club World Cup in Japan in December 2012, FIFA has decided to use GLT at the Confederations Cup Brazil 2013 and 2014 World Cup," FIFA said in a statement.

FIFA said Hawkeye and Goalref would have to join the selection process.

Read the full article at Reuters

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

EPF can afford more than 6.15% dividend

So, according to the bosses (Malaysian Employers), the Employees Provident Fund, EPF, can actually afford to pay more than the declared 6.15% dividend for 2012.

Looking at the impressive performance of the fund, who wouldn't agree with the employers federation's statement. In fact this should be the avenue for the government to show appreciation to the workers in the private sector. Also, to those who did not qualified for the BR1M sweetness. These contributors pay tax and part of the tax monies are given to Malaysians who earn RM3,000 and less.

Remember, this category of people (earning more than RM3,000) are actually left out of the BR1M and BR1M 2.0 payouts. They are discontented and some are cursing their 'luck' for earning RM3,001 and are unable to get the same benefit enjoyed by those earning RM2,999.

Why not give them a little bit more through dividend distributions? After all the dividend will be kept intact in the pension fund account as contributors cannot withdrawn them until they are retired.

Other thoughts on the 6.15% EPF Dividend declared for 2012 a new record.

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Dividend Should Be Higher
TheStar, Feb 19

PETALING JAYA: While welcoming the 6.15% dividend announced by the Employees Provident Fund (EPF), several groups say an even higher amount should be declared.

Malaysian Employers Federation executive director Shamsuddin Bardan said the return on investment stated in the EPF report was very impressive.

“However, based on those figures, we feel that the dividend paid to contributors should also be higher,” he said.

As a huge profit was made on investments using contributors' money, he said the dividend given should reflect this.

Fomca CEO Datuk Paul Selvaraj said EPF contributors had benefited from the sound investments made.
“As long as the EPF makes good investments with good returns, the contributors will continue to benefit,” he said.

Gerakan vice-president Datuk Mah Siew Keong, in a statement, said the high dividend rates should encourage more self-employed workers to contribute to the 1Malaysia Retirement Savings Scheme which provided the same benefits as EPF.

“It is indeed unfortunate to see many self-employed individuals such as hawkers, farmers, fishermen and even housewives being unable to enjoy what normal employees receive from the EPF,” he said. Mah urged EPF to create more awareness about the scheme to attract more workers without a fixed monthly income.

Meanwhile, EPF members are celebrating the 6.15% dividend declared for last year. Many logged on to their EPF i-accounts in the morning of February 18, after the declaration was reported.

Refer: The Star Online

Worldwide development of hydroelectric power slowed down in 2011

Hydro-electric power is one of the oldest types of renewable energy. While it is very exciting and more desirable compared to fossil fueled generators, it is not without its own setbacks. Huge installations require a great deal of dammed water which result in destruction of the surrounding ecosystem.

While solar PV and wind energy are two RE types that are gaining big momentum in the past couple of years, new research from the Worldwatch Institute suggests that growth in hydroelectric power development tapered in 2011.

The institution said that worldwide consumption and installed capacity of hydropower have increased steadily since 2003, though the global installed capacity of hydro projects increased just 970 GW, or 1.6% in 2011 from the previous year. In other words, there's growth but at slower pace.

The bulk of global capacity remains concentrated in five countries:-

Chine                -  212 GW (installed capacity)
Brazil                -  82.2 GW
United States    - 79 GW
Canada             - 76.4 GW
Russia              - 46 GW

Hydropower contributes less to the overall percent of energy usage in the Middle East, though that region experienced the greatest growth in hydroelectric consumption at almost 22%. North America followed, with an increase slightly below 14%. Meanwhile, usage in Europe and Eurasia fell by almost 9%, and by 0.6% in the Asia Pacific region.

Most cost-effective RE source

Still, "hydropower continues to be one of the most cost-effective renewable energy generation sources," Worldwatch Institute said, with typical costs in the U.S. ranging from $.02-.13 per kWh for existing grid-connected hydroelectric plants and $.05-.10 per kWh for new hydro projects. Meanwhile, micro hydro projects generate at about $.05-.40 per kWh.


Putting things into local perspective, Malaysia's Small Hydro Power under the FiT scheme is paid RM0.23 - RM0.24 per kWh ($0.07 - $0.08 per kWh) for installations with capacity of up to 30MW. For bigger installations, rates are negotiable between TNB and the IPPs.

On a larger scale, in Malaysia we have the mega project on hydropower in Bakun, Sarawak with design installed capacity of 2.4GW but it is still unclear if it has ramp up to its full capacity.

1) Renewable Energy World - link
2) Worldwatch Institute - link

Monday, February 18, 2013

6.15% EPF dividend for 2012 a new record

Dividend of 6.15% for 2012 is the highest since 2000. The last time it was more than 6% was in 1999 (6.84%) and highest dividends saw EPF distributing 8.5% to members every year from 1983 to 1986.

Starting Feb 18, 2013, members can get a statement of their accounts showing the credited dividends at EPF kioskscounters or through i-Account while those aged 55 years and above can also withdraw the dividends.

               Year        Dividend

                2000     -    6.00%
                2001     -    5.00%
                2002     -    4.25%
                2003     -    4.50%
                2004     -    4.75%
                2005     -    5.00%
                2006     -    5.15%
                2007     -    5.80%
                2008     -    4.50%
                2009     -    5.65%
                2010     -    5.80%
                2011     -    6.00%
                2012     -    6.15%

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EPF declares 6.15 per cent dividend for 2012

KUALA LUMPUR (Feb 17, 2013): The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) has declared a dividend of 6.15 per cent for the financial year ending Dec 31, 2012, the strongest results in early millennium.

Its chairman, Tan Sri Samsudin Osman said the rate was 15 basis point higher than six per cent paid in 2011.

"It is also a new record for RM27.45 billion will be disbursed to EPF members, up 12.20 per cent from RM24.47 billion distributed the previous year.

"EPF also recorded the highest gross investment income of RM31.02 billion in 2012, an increase of 13.91 percent compared to 2011," he said in a statement.

He said despite increasingly complex investment environment, the EPF maintained a steady upward momentum to record the strongest results since the early millennium, supported by effectiveness of long-term investment strategy, and disciplined and prudent approaches.

In addition, he said in line with the Strategic Asset Allocation practised by the EPF, most of its asset investments continued to be confined to low-risk fixed-income and stable instruments.

He said equity investment made up 38.77 per cent of the total asset investment in 2012 while the remaining 3.59 per cent and 2.42 per cent respectively were in money market instruments, and real estate and infrastructure.

Samsudin said EPF investment assets as at 31 Dec, 2012 amounted to RM526.75 billion, surpassing half a trillion ringgit and increased 12.31 per cent from RM469.04 billion recorded the previous year. - Bernama

Source: The Sun Daily

Companies with highest revenue in 2012

For your/my info: All top firms in Malaysia posted positive return last year. Exception, of course, is Malaysia Airlines System - but no one should be surprised anymore about this particular company.

Many of the firms in the top 20 are government-linked companies. Those ranked 21 to 200 are also a mixture of privately owned and GLCs, with GLCs taking the lead. It is time these companies look seriously at improving their remuneration package in view of the several revisions already carried out in the public sector.

While the government has no say on the privately owned entities, it has moderate to strong influence in the administration of policy of the GLCs. I say, start here with these companies. And other big private firms will feel the 'heat' too. The longer we wait, the bigger the salary gap will be between public and private sector.

                                              Source: The Malay Mail

RM1.36 trillion revenue for top 200 firms
Feb 5, 2013

MALAYSIA’S top 200 companies earned a total of RM1.36 trillion in revenue last year and net profit amounted to RM163 billion, said credit management company DP Information Group managing director Chen Yew Nah yesterday. Of the 14 sectors considered, she said the four strongest sectors of petroleum and gas, holding firms, manufacturing, financial and insurance generated more than two thirds of the combined revenue.

“In the top 10 positions alone, nine home-grown companies like Petronas, Malayan Banking Bhd, YTL Corporation Bhd and the Axiata Group Bhd are in the lead,” she said during a briefing on Asian Corporate Giants.

Asian Strategy and Leadership Institute chief executive officer Tan Sri Michael Yeoh said amidst the positive prospects, corporate could face a few worrying challenges this year onwards.

“The biggest challenge will be talent shortage. Companies have to strategise ways to attract and retain talents, as well as sustaining business growth.

There’s no point of being successful now if you are only going to fall back after two or three years.”

Chen added that companies which have ventured globally also need to have an exit strategy should the venture collapse and ensure they secure the right level of financial support.

She said companies should now focus on 11 growing markets of China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand. -- The Malay Mail

Old traditional windmills compared with modern wind turbines

Wind mills have been around for hundreds of years but the earlier ones were believed to have been used more to produce mechanical power rather than electricity.

Today, wind turbines are built mainly to generate electricity both in the sea and on land. They come in a variety of sizes, ranging from 2.5 metres in diameter and 1 kW for residential applications up to over 100 metres in diameter and over 3.5 MW for offshore applications.

Veldkamps Meul'n mill. Photo credit
Modern onshore wind turbine. Photo credit

One of the windmills that is still working is Veldkamps Meul'n mill in Bellingwolde, Netherland. The mill was built in 1855, with four-blade rotor in the traditional dutch design. At that size and height it remained the tallest structure in the neighbourhood for sometime.

The windmill is thought to be able to generate about 18kW of usable mechanical power. If this was hooked up to an efficient alternator, it might be able to convert up to 80% of that, i.e. 14kW or so into electrical power.

Big gap in efficiency is expected. But by how much?

This Veldkamps Meul'n mill has a sail diameter of 20 metres, whereas modern wind turbines used for large-scale power generation are generally at least 40 metres across. They have a power output of about 500kW.

Let's assume that power (P) generation rises with the square of the diameter (D), [suggested by Sciencefocus],

          P ∝ D2

Hence, a scaled-down modern turbine would still generate 125kW.

         125kW/14kW = 8.9

Modern wind turbines are nearly nine times more efficient.

The point is that, technology advances with time and with this technology, man generates electricity without emitting carbon dioxide. But not without public complaint though.

I don't live near wind farm and I can't testify, but from readings, huge wind turbines produce unwanted noise and some people think they are unsightly, too. I suppose there's a price to pay for everything. Nothing is free!

Do we have wind turbines in Malaysia?

Yes, but they are at best for educational purposes only. Our location near the equatorial line means we have less usable wind compared to countries further up or down the globe.

We have the 100kW wind turbines in Pulau Perhentian Kecil Terengganu, the 0.3kW - 3kW wind turbines at UPM-Serdang main campus, etc., but nothing on large scale.

How can crocodiles survive for so long without eating?

Crocodiles are supremely successful predators. They are able to hunt anything from frogs to buffaloes, and they have an amazingly efficient digestive system.

mr. gator
Huge Monitor lizard of Pulau Tiga, Sabah. This not-so-distant cousin of the croc can go without food for more than 2 years. Photo by de engineur

battle for food
Crocs of Tuaran Crocodile Farm, Sabah. Big crocodiles can go for a year or more without feeding. Photo by de engineur

Crocodiles have extremely acidic stomachs that enable them to digest bones, shells and even horns to extract as much energy as possible from their prey. Due to this exceptionally high conversion rate, they can store as much as 60% of the energy they consume as fat on the tail and other parts of the body.

Although most crocodiles eat about 50 meals a year, they can survive a whole year, and sometimes even two or three years, without eating anything.

Two years? You've got to be kidding me!

They have a very slow metabolism and are cold-blooded, with tiny brains that don't need to be kept warm. So unlike mammals such as ourselves, they don't need to use a lot of energy maintaining a constant body temperature.

They are ectotherms, which means that they get heat from their environment, basking in the sun when they need to warm up and get moving, or cooling off in water. They can also slow down their heartbeat to one or two beats per minute.

And you, how long can you go without food?

Saturday, February 16, 2013

Biodiesel 10% blend (B10) programme goes nationwide 2014

B5 is a blend of 5% biodiesel and 95% petroleum diesel, and B10 contains 10% biodiesel.

While B5 is still not fully implemented nationwide, rolling out the biodiesel B10, in my opinion, is more of trying in vain to deplete the inflating crude palm oil inventory rather than to promote the use of 'greener' diesel.

B5 is the more commonly approved and used blend, so, why not do more aggressive promotions and awareness programmes for this one so that more motorists will fill up their tanks with biodiesel. I am driving a diesel-powered 4WD and I might be persuaded to join in the bandwagon.

Going B10? Not many gas stations have B5 pumps. Photo credit:

Malaysia to roll-out biodiesel 10% blend (B10) programme nationwide by July 2014

Malaysia is expected to roll out the biodiesel 10% blend (B10) programme nationwide by July next year upon full agreement among the parties involved with the B5 biodiesel programme, said Plantation Industries and Commodities Minister Tan Sri Bernard Dompok.

“We expect about one million tonnes of crude palm oil (CPO) per year will be taken out from our current high stockpiles from the B10 programme,” he said.

As at end December 2012,Malaysia's CPO inventory hit a record at 2.63 million tonnes.

The B10 biodiesel programme by the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) for the ministry's vehicles was officially launched by Dompok yesterday. He said all 81 vehicles owned by the Plantation Industries and Commodities Ministry and its agencies operating in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur with diesel engines, will be using the B10 biodiesel blend and expected to utilise 25 tonnes of palm biodiesel annually.

The Government has budgeted RM300mil for the building of the biodiesel blending facilities nationwide, he said adding that to date,about RM80mil was spent to build the blending facilities and in the biodiesel subsidies.

According to an MPOB representative, the new B10 biodiesel programme standard is expected to be out by next month. Meanwhile, the B5 biodiesel programme will also be fully implemented nationwide by mid-2014, of which the blending facilities is expected to be fully develop and would enable to cut at least 500,000 tonnes of palm oil inventory per year,” Dompok told reporters after the B10 launch.

“Once we have fully implemented the B10 programme, the B5 programme will then be phase out,” he said.To date, five big players namely Petronas, Shell, Chevron, Petron and BHP have provided the B5 biodiesel in 1,150 petrol stations with a usage of 110,000 tonnes per year.

“We are expecting an additional 500,00 tonnes of biodiesel usage next year when the B5 is fully implemented nationwide,” he added.

The B5 programme was introduced in November 2011 in Putrajaya, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Kuala Lumpur and Selangor.

In conjunction with the launching, Dompok said the government was planning to use biodiesel 40% blend from olein palm oil with 60% diesel petroleum for a power plant in Sandakan, Sabah within two years period starting from March this year and expected to use about 54,000 tonnes palm olein per year.

TheGreenMechanics: It is claimed that in order to use B5 and below biodiesel, only minor no modification is needed to your vehicle. If that is the case, would you be willing to fill up your tank with it?

Reference: The Star Online

Take advantage of Thailand's LED Lighting market: MATRADE

If you have outgrown the domestic demand, venture globally. This seem to be the message of MATRADE to local manufacturers and exporters.

But is our domestic demand that high? I doubt it.

Malaysia has more than 20 local LED companies involved in the assembly of LED lighting products. Some of the bigger ones are Osram Opto Semiconductors (M) Sdn Bhd, Globetronics Technology Bhd, Elsoft Research Bhd, MyLED Opto Technology, and MMS Ventures Bhd.

Malaysia's LED lighting market is not that big compare to that of China or even Thailand but what's more disappointing is the lower than expected usage of LED lighting locally. For example, Osram in Bayan Lepas, Penang is expanding its production plant because it is anticipating the huge demand in China beginning 2013.

Why can't we expand domestic consumption instead. (Again) are we happy with just being the manufacturer and exporter but not using the product itself?

Thailand's LED lighting market is currently 12% of the nation's total lighting market share

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I've appended Bernama's article herewith for your reference, in case the news portal decides to archive it and becomes unavailable for free:

Malaysian exporters urged to take advantage Of Thai LED Lighting market

KUALA LUMPUR, Feb 15 -- The Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation (Matrade) is encouraging Malaysian exporters of LED lightings to take advantage of the huge demand for LED products in Thailand.

In a statement, Matrade said Thailand continues to encourage energy saving, and plans to reduce energy consumption by 20 per cent by 2030.

"Thailand's current LED lighting market is about US$27 million (RM84 million) or 12 per cent of the Kingdom's total lighting market share.

"Market demand is anticipated to increase further between 30 per cent to 50 per cent by 2015. The market has shown a positive growth trend with revenue of more than US$10 billion (RM31 million) in recent years," it added.

Matrade's Trade Commissioner in Bangkok, Niqman Rafaee Mohd Sahar said the Provincial Electricity Authority is planning to replace one million street lights nationwide with (LED)bulbs. He said other areas that require LED lighting are public and private infrastructure projects, including the construction of a new stadium, the Parliament house, residential areas in the city and provinces, commercial areas such as shopping malls, hospitality and entertainment projects.

"Malaysian companies should focus on the requirements of LED products for massive government projects in Thailand, as well as to explore and support the growth demand of LED lighting in the electrical, electronics, and automotive industry," he added.

The number of cars with LED headlights will grow from 1.5 million this year to five million in 2015 with the value of LED components growing from US$130 million (RM406 million) to US$300 million (RM938 million).

Last year, Malaysia's total trade with Thailand grew 5.4% to US$74.01 billion (RM231 billion) with a positive export growth of 5.5% to US$37.71 billion (RM118 billion).

Friday, February 15, 2013

Full LED street lighting by 2014 for Shenzhen, China

It seems that many are benchmarking themselves against 2014 for going Energy Efficient in lighting their streets.

The nation is targeting 2014 for full use of LED street lights. While incandescent lamps will be banned in Malaysia by 2014 as they are very inefficient.

Shenzhen aims to be the first city in China to adopt full LED street lightings. Photo:

In December last year, the municipal government of Shenzhen, the southern Chinese city bordering Hong Kong, issued the Implementation Plan of LED Lighting Promotion and Application in Shenzhen, calling for the installation of LED lighting in all public areas in two years.

This means that the implementation will be completed in 2014.

Shenzhen’s LED industry, valued currently at 70 billion yuan annually ($11.2 billion) accounts for nearly half of the China's LED output and there are promotional efforts to double the output to over 130 billion yuan ($20.9 billion) in 2015.

The Shenzhen government’s plan suggests that LED lighting applications be first deployed in public areas, including city roads, public facilities, government agencies, state-owned enterprises or institutions, and other projects and facilities invested by state-owned capital. Lighting in these areas are to use LED street lamps, yard lamps, landscape lamps. Other forms of lighting are to be converted in stages, with full conversion completed by the end of 2013.

Project financing

Green Prospect Asia reported that, to finance the LED lighting project, the plan requires the city treasury to use revenue collected as part of electricity tax, or to seek funds from other public sources. As for the financing of new projects undertaken by government departments, each department is responsible for the financing of its own LED projects.

Thera are obstacles in such a futuristic project such as high cost and the fact that LED road-lamp technology is still at a developmental stage and hence, not very scalable. But I'm sure the city planners can sit down and iron out plans to mitigate project financial risks.

TheGreenMechanics: There you go. Kota Kinabalu's plan to install energy-efficient light bulbs in the city by 2014 is not far fetched, isn't it. Just go for it!

To read the full article, visit Green Prospect Asia.

Saltwater-powered LED light from Japan

Can you light up a bulb with water?

Apparently you can. It's ingenuity at its best when the Japanese added salt to water and voila! You have simple and cost effective solution to power up your tent, camp, or use it as emergency light during the frequent SESB power interruption.
At RM248 a piece, it's a bit steep but imagine the convenience and its low operating cost.

Available online: JapanTrendShop, eBay, alibaba

Green House Salt Water Powered LED Lantern

Green House Co., a Japanese office equipment manufacturer, has launched sales of an LED lantern, its GH-LED10WBW model, which can generate electricity using just water and salt. The device requires no dry cells or battery charging. By simply pouring saline water into the lantern, ions start traveling from a metal rod of magnesium to a carbon rod, thus generating electricity to power the light, which has a luminous flux of 55 lumens.

While the single magnesium rod can generate up to 120 hours of light, the saline water needs to be replaced every eight hours of use. The electricity generated can also be used for USB-powered devices using a USB cable that comes with the lantern. With no need to worry about self-discharging, the lantern is ideally suited as part of any outdoor or emergency preparedness kit.

Features of the GH-LED10WBW lamp by Green House

Lights: 10 LED
Lasts 8 hours on single charge of salt water (after use, please dispose of water)
Brightness: 55 lumens
Power: 350cc of salt water (3-5% salinity, 16g / 0.6 oz of salt)
Change rodes every 120 hours
Size: 210 x 113 x 28mm (8.3 x 4.4 x 9")
Weight: 680g (24 oz)
Power generation: DC1.5V, LED DC3V
Recharge power: DC4.5V
Includes USB cable, handle, mounting hole, water supply pack
Instructions: Japanese only

Price: $80 (approximately RM248)

Source: Japan Trend Shop

Thursday, February 14, 2013

World installed solar PV capacity now 100GW

Today, solar PV is the third-largest deployed renewable technology in terms of global installed capacity, after small hydro and wind.

The European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) reported that the world has passed the 100 GW mark in cumulative installed photovoltaic capacity in 2012.

Germany was the world leader in photovoltaic installations in 2012. Figure: pv-magazine

With between 30 and 32 GW added globally in 2012 – roughly the same figure as was added in the 2011 boom year – Europe saw just 13 GW of newly installed photovoltaic added, down from 23 GW.

The fact annual installed capacity failed to grow to any significant extent is indicative of the troubles associated with a global oversupply of polysilicon and the trade disputes between China and the U.S., and Europe, but amid the gloom, Germany was still a world leader with 7.6 GW of solar capacity added and Italy was still the world's third largest market, with 3.3 GW.

China installed between 3.5 and 4.5 GW to come in second behind Germany:

Germany         - 7.6 GW
China              - 3.5 to 4.5 GW (final figure in May 2013)
Italy                - 3.2 GW
United States  - 3.2 GW
Japan               - 2.5 GW
France             - 1.2 GW
Malaysia         - 14 MW (SEDA data 2012) *

                        * just to put our situation into perspective; insignificant in this listing.

"The photovoltaic industry clearly faces challenges but the results of 2012 show there is a strong global market for our technology. Even in tough economic times and despite growing regulatory uncertainty, we have nearly managed to repeat the record year of 2011," said EPIA President Winfried Hoffmann.

He added, "The key going forward will be to address these new market challenges and continue policies that help PV technology to grow sustainably, continuing its evolution to a mainstream electricity source."

Going forward beyond 2012

By 2020, London-based research firm GlobalData predicts that cumulative worldwide capacity of installed PV systems will spurt from around 97 GW in 2012 to 329.8 GW

The industry is being stimulated by 2 major forces:

1. The global goals of energy security, stability and independence are driving both developed and emerging governments to promote and develop renewable power sources, and

2. Funding and incentives offered to the solar industry by national and regional governments, financing schemes for consumers, and reductions in costs due to technological advances.

Source: PV Magazine

LED lighting for SK Randagong, Ranau

Being far away from the development of the urban area should not stop you from being efficient in your energy usage. Especially so if you happen to have been adopted by big corporation such as SESB (Sabah Electricity Sdn Bhd).

Energy efficiency is what we want to drive home to the younger generation and SESB did just that to the school children at SK Randagong in Ranau.

SK Randagong - children will learn about energy efficiency early. InsightSabah photo.

Called Energy Efficient (EE) Light programme, SESB started the initiative off in the rural area by 'acting' rather than 'preaching'. SESB came to the school and changed all its conventional light bulbs with energy saving LEDs in September last year, and helped reduce the school’s electricity bill by about 30% the next month. The less-than-expected saving is probably due to power consumption by other appliances that are not energy efficient.

How much?

The  total cost of changing all 35 lights at the school is RM5,350 which works out to be about RM135 per unit. A check with online retailers shows that LED tubes will set you back at RM130 to RM190 per set. Comparing this to the conventional fluorescent tube which is retailed at about RM14 (36 W), it is still a very expensive affair at the current market price.

But life span of LED lights are also about 10 times longer and are brighter,  plus there is virtually no heat generated compared to incandescent/filament and conventional tubes.

Coverage by local dailies, DE, NST and BP was not conclusive as to whether SESB replaced all lights with LED tubes, compact fluorescent tubes or combination of both but looking at the cost involved, I'm convinced they are LEDs.

Why LED? (The LED Revolution)

LEDs are evolving much faster than any other lighting technology. They offer advances in:-

  • Efficiency. Energy savings from 50% to 70% compared with conventional technologies result in similar cuts to carbon emissions.
  • Controllability. Better control over light colour,  intensity and direction allows lighting system designs that can deliver a wide range of social co-benefits. 
  1. Outdoor LEDs offer improved visibility for pedestrians and traffic, as well as reduced light pollution.
  2. Indoor LED smart control systems have been shown to improve student behavior and study performance.
  • Lifespan. Well-designed LEDs are expected to last for 50,000 to 100,000 hours or more. Lifespans can be extended even further by coupling LEDs with smart controls.

According to LED 2012 Report by The Climate Group (Supported and sponsored by HSBC & Philips), when smart controls allow LEDs to dynamically change lighting levels in response to conditions, total system energy savings can reach up to 80%.*

While fluorescent tubes have doubled in efficiency since 1950, white LED efficiency has increased by a factor of ten since 2000. Today LEDs are among the most efficient lighting sources available, but in the near future they will reach far beyond any competing technology and become the technology of choice for most applications – with energy savings reaching up to 90% compared to today’s conventional technologies. [The Climate Group]


SESB should not stop there. Move on to other schools, higher learning institutions, and collaborate with other GLCs or even local authorities. Get the involvement of the people. Involvement would instill the sense of belonging.

Thumbs up and many thanks, SESB!

* LED June 2012 Report by The oClimate Group.

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Wordless Wednesday: Kiosk

(Majlis Daerah Penampang-MARA joint venture kiosk)

The wooden Kiosk,.. opss! Kisok is on the background.

Other WW you might be interested in:

1) Please help me!
2) Hanged to death
3) Advert gone out of place

Tuesday, February 12, 2013

Happy Chinese New Year from Kota Kinabalu

It' the year of the water snake and this is wishing everyone a prosperous new year.

I'm sharing pics of some of the decorations and activities in Kota Kinabalu during the build-up to the Lunar New Year. Pictures were taken with a phone camera (iPhone) and dslr.

Malaysia Monument at night - decorated with lantern lights.
Daytime view here.

The famous Gaya Street is showered with light

School children performances at Lintasan Deasoka, K.Kinabalu

..then they all fell down

The two dancers fell from the poles during this performance @Suria Sabah

Api-Api and DBKK Chinese New Year carnival

Lots and lots of gold coins at Suria Sabah

Chai sen tau... comes to 1Place Mall, Putatan

Happy Chinese New Year: 2013 is the year of the snake.

Monday, February 11, 2013

Volkswagen of America plugs into 9.5MW solar farm

Last month, at a dedication ceremony in Chattanooga, Tennessee, dignitaries flipped a giant light switch to signal the official opening of the “Volkswagen Chattanooga Solar Park”, built on Volkswagen’s compound.

While we have the SEDA-regulated 20-year FIT power purchase agreement between power producers and TNB/SESB, Volkswagen Chattanooga and another private entity (Silicon Ranch) entered into 20-year power purchase agreement without involving the government or any of its agencies.

This is a business agreement between two private entities. And for solar power purchase, this is remarkable!

Chattanooga auto assembly plant is on the background. Volkswagen photo.

The automaker has begun using the 33,600 solar modules on a 33-acre solar farm adjacent to its manufacturing facility to power up to 12.5% of the plant’s needs during full production and 100% during non-production periods. VW’s embrace of solar power will reduce its operating costs over the long term.

Location                : Chattanooga, Tenn
Solar farm area      : 33 acres
Solar module type  : poly-crystalline
Number of panel    : 33,600
Capacity               : 9.5MW
Power production   : 13.1 GWh per year (equivalent to energy consumption of 1,200 homes)
Powering up          : estd. 12.5% of plant needs (100% during off production)

Module manufacturer     : JA Solar
Developer and operator  : Silicon Ranch (

The solar installation at Volkswagen Chattanooga confirms the awarding of the highly-coveted LEED Platinum certification to VW by the U.S Green Building Council in late 2011. At that time, the Building Council called the Chattanooga manufacturing facility “the world’s greenest auto plant” and noted it was the first automotive manufacturing plant in the world to receive the top LEED certification. Today, the Chattanooga plant remains the only auto plant worldwide to earn the LEED Platinum certification.

World's only LEED Platinum certified auto plant

Volkswagen's Chattanooga Operations runs the first and only automotive plant worldwide that was awarded with the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Platinum certification of the U.S. Green Buildings Council.

Its new paint shop saves the use of 20,000 gallons of water per day by its innovate dry scrubber technology, while its water harvesting system provides about 6 million gallons of water annually for restrooms and cooling circuits in the body shop. The plant is certified according to ISO 14001 for its environmental management system and according to ISO 50001 for its energy management system.

And now, it came up with its own 13 GWh/year green power source from the sun.

TheGreenMechanics' two cents:

I think it is very possible for, say, Cypark to work out means to supply one of the industrial areas, or plants (e.g. KK Industrial Park, Proton Assembly plant, etc) for similar Solar Farm development and operations. A 20-year agreement is very much feasible.

Source: Volkswagen Press Release

Sunday, February 10, 2013

India to have highest transmission voltage at 1,200 kV

Malaysia's TNB transmission lines maximum voltage is 500kV while it is 275kV for Sabah. The quest for higher voltage substations and transmission lines is driven by the increasing amount of power consumption. The higher the voltage, the more power can be transmitted over hundreds or thousands of kilometres.

For now China is still holding the record with its 800kV lines, but this would be soon overtaken by India with the proposed construction of 400/1,200kV substation in Deoli.

To put things into perspective, the distribution lines voltage right before your low voltage (230V) home supply is 11kV in most cases.

Any danger or health effect of high voltage lines to human? There're concerns but No evident to show so far.

World's max voltage substation in Vidarbhaites
Times of India

NAGPUR: The project may not benefit the region but Vidarbhaites can take pride from the fact that Deoli, near Wardha, will have world's maximum voltage substation in four to five years. Powergrid, a central sector PSU, has decided to set up a 400/1,200 KV substation at Deoli. 1,200 KV is the highest voltage proposed in power transmission. Presently, the highest voltage used is 800 KV by China, which is also developing a 1,100 KV system.

Powergrid will lay a 380 km long 1,200 KV transmission line from Deoli to Aurangabad in the first phase. In the next phase, it will construct a 400/1,200 KV at Deoli and then a 1,200/400 KV substation at Aurangabad.

A company official said that a substation was being set up in Bina (Madhya Pradesh) for testing the 1,200 KV system. "We are developing 1,200 KV equipment with the help of private companies like Crompton Greaves, ABB, etc. as they are not available in the world. The test substation will be ready in three years and then we will begin work on the Deoli substation. Once the technology is commercially successful, we will also market it abroad."

Elaborating on the Bina project, the official said that the project cost is estimated at Rs 40 crore. "We will have a 400/1,200 KV transformer at one end and a 1,200/400 KV one at the other. We will then do a load test and find solutions to whatever problems we encounter. Bina was chosen as we have 400 acre land available there."

He said that a 400 KV line could transmit 600 MW power while a 800 KV line's capacity is around 2,000 MW. However, a 1,200 KV line could transmit over 6,000 MW.

Explaining the need for such high voltages, another official said that transmission distance was less in most countries due to their small size.

"United States is a big country but it has distributed generation. However, in India power generation is concentrated. Most thermal plants are located in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand while hydel plants are coming up in the Himalayas. However, demand for power is elsewhere. The higher voltage lines can not only carry more power, but they also have lower losses."

Source - Times of India

Saturday, February 9, 2013

Maxis unveils its first 4G LTE smartphones

The big names in broadband-enabled smartphones such as iPhone 5, Galaxy S3, Note II, etc, all come equipped with 4G LTE.

But none of these are compatible or supported by the local cellular networks. So, in yet another first for Maxis, the leading communications service provider came up with its first 4G phones.

Look tempting!

On Friday, Feb 8, Maxis launched two 4G long-term evolution (LTE) smartphones - the Nokia Lumia 920 and HTC One XL. These will be the first two smartphones to be activated on Maxis' 4G LTE network.

"Available at Maxis centres in Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre and Taman Tun Dr Ismail, customers can purchase the Nokia Lumia 920 from only RM1,099 with surfmore 75 plan or talkmore78 with 3GB mobile Internet and HTC One XL from RM1,199 with surfmore 75 or talkmore78 plan with 3GB mobile Internet.

"We look forward to launching more smartphones and tablets this year on Maxis' 4G LTE network, so customers can enjoy the most superior on-the-go experience," said Maxis Joint Chief Operating Officer Suren J Amarasekera.

What? My favourite smartphones are not in the list?

Disappointed that your iPhone or Galaxy S3 are not activated on Maxis' 4G network?

Maxis said, "Through our strong partnership with leading device manufacturers and content players, Maxis is indeed well-placed to provide customers with a richer, on-the-go Internet experience."

So, yes, maybe in the near future your gadget will also be listed. But then Maxis is not the only player  that can offer 4G LTE connectivity. DiGi, P1, Unifi and Celcom are almost sure to come up with their own list of devices and plans soon.

It's just that Maxis was the first to take the plunge testing the water.

Reference: Maxis press release

Spread the Word about Energy Effeciency and get rewarded

One of the ways to encourage participation from the people towards Energy Efficiency at home is through contest/competition.

I know we have had this SAVE Program whereby the government gives out RM200 rebate for purchase of efficient refrigerators and RM100 for energy-efficient air-conditioners quite recently. It was a decent effort but for some unknown reason it was not that popular.

Yarmouth town won $8,000

There is this competition to promote energy efficiency at home in the State of Massachusetts, USA, that caught my attention and the very similar concept can be adopted by our Local Councils here in Malaysia.

In that competition, CLC, an intergovernmental organisation in Cape Cod & Martha's Vineyard region invited individuals and organisations to recruit and invite households to sign up for free energy assessment through  “Home Energy Assessment Recruitment Competition”.

Each household that went through with an energy assessment was allowed to vote once for the town or organization that recruited them. Town or organization who recruits the most energy assessments will win our top prize of $8000 (approx RM24,000).

After a period of 6 months, votes was counted and Yarmouth town won it with 77 votes beating 16 other towns and organisations.

List of prizes (winners list can be viewed at the link below):

1st Place             - $8,000 (town of Yarmouth)
2nd Place           - $5,000
3rd Place            - $2,000
4th Place            - $1,000
5th Place             - $1,000
6th – 8th Place    - $750 each
9th – 16th Place  - $500 each

All participating towns and organisations receive money as long as minimum requirements are met.

Pic: Reps from the winning town. CLC (Cape Light Compact) photo.

Find out more about the fun and fulfilling competition here.

TheGreenMechanics' two cents:

This competition is interestingly engaging and can be adapted to our Energy Efficiency campaign in Malaysia. For a start, Energy Commission may want to collaborate with the Ministry of Local Government and Housing (under Datuk Hajiji Hj. Noor) to carry out competition at municipal level.

Why not!

Friday, February 8, 2013

Kubota power plant to be fully operational on Feb 8, 2013

The title looks very much like a headline for a regional news. But as far as our situation here is concerned, it's more 'prediction' than 'news', simply because things doesn't materialise as promised anymore nowdays.

As you can see in the following newspaper cutting, this was stated 3 days ago by the Deputy Chief Minister himself. Let's see about it.

Feb 8, 2013: Is this for real this time?

Today is 7th of February and I would like (and who wouldn't) to see that the front page of many tabloids tomorrow say something like "Kubota Power Plant is Now Fully Operational".

I can't blame myself for being a little bit skeptical after series of deferments previously:
  1. The 64 MW Kubota station to start operation in June 2012. Back then I thought I would give it a 6-month margin before the plant start operating. That would mean December 2012 rather than June. The delay was understandable as the vessel ferrying the equipment was hijacked by pirate.

  2. On Dec 7, 2012 Energy, Green Technology and Water Minister Datuk Seri Peter Chin Fah Kui stated that the power station will begin producing electricity starting January 7, 2013. As you can see,   never did it materialised.

  3. Latest is what you see in the above Daily Express cutting. That's tomorrow and I'm keeping my fingers crossed it will really happen this time.

Power supply is very close to heart, at least for me, for a couple of reasons. Firstly, the place I hailed from is still without electricity despite efforts to get connected for more than 20 years. The 3 neighbouring villages are all enjoying 24 hours power supply already.

Secondly, in the the industry I'm involved in, energy is one of the biggest contributors to the expenses pie. We are one of the biggest energy (electricity) users in Kota Kinabalu, and in the West Coast of Sabah. Stability of power supply is of paramount importance to us.

When the power supply in the East Coast is sufficient, the situation in West Coast will be more stable, and  simply put, more people will get to enjoy 24-hour electricity.

So, come on guys! Don't play games with us and the rakyat. Mean it when you say it, will you!

The GreenMechanics:

Thursday, February 7, 2013

Seminar on Lightning and Surge Protection for Solar PV Installations

This is good for people who are currently involved in solar PV or those who simply want to enhance their knowledge in Lightning Protection Design and Surge Protection Design requirements for solar PV installations including large PV farms and small residential systems in Malaysia.

This is SEDA Malaysia's commitment to ensure that qualified persons receives updated information on solar PV including design, operation and maintenance, and the safety aspects.

The one day workshop titled   “Introduction of Lightning and Surge Protection Guideline for Solar PV Installations” covers among others, the conditions and protection requirements for lightning and surge protection designs in Malaysia. It is important to ensure that all solar PV installations in Malaysia comply and adhere to the safety requirements with regards to lightning protection.

Limited to 100 participants only:

Date        : 14th March 2013 (Thursday)
Time       : 8.30 am – 5.00 p.m
Venue     : Marriott Hotel, Putrajaya
Fee          : RM 500 / Person

Topics that will be covered in this workshop/seminar:

1) Introduction To Malaysian Lightning Condition and Required Protection

2) Lightning Protection Design Requirement for:
a) PV Farms
b) PV on Commercial Rooftops
c) PV on Residential Rooftops
3) Surge Protection Design Requirement for
a) PV Farms
b) PV on Commercial Rooftops
c) PV on Residential Rooftops

More information can be obtained from SEDA official website.

Sunday, February 3, 2013

What is the highest Voltage ever produced?

Immediately lightning bolt comes to mind.

But then lightning is not 'produced' by man. If you are in the electrical industry, transmission lines knowledge comes in handy. The world's highest substation voltage was proposed in India in 2011 with maximum 1,200kV or 1.2 million volts. That's more than 5,000 times the voltage of your typical home appliances ( refrigerators, lamps, fans, etc)

But that's not the highest voltage ever produced.

nature's torch
Typical voltage of Lightning bolts are between 10 to 120 million volts (10MV - 120MV)
(Long exposure picture taken in Putatan, Sabah)

Highest man-produced voltage

You are right, thinking about the Van de Graaff generator at your secondary school science laboratory.

According to Science Focus magazine, Van de Graaff generators produce the highest voltages. Charge is carried by an insulating belt from a lower electrode to another at the top, accumulating across a metallic dome. They can be strapped together to form tandems for even higher voltages. A tandem at Oak Ridge National Laboratory produced the highest ever at 25.5MV

A megavolt is 1 million volts, or 1,000kV.

Green message of SERASI Programme

I saw this today in the Daily Express and I thought it is worth sharing.

Caring for the environment must start early, and efforts towards making the world greener should involve young people, especially students.

What is SERASI Programme

It is a programme aimed at creating environmental awareness among students through efforts related on environmental management, environmental activities, cleanliness and beautification of the school ground, environmental innovation and clean toilets.

SERASI Award for 2011/2012

Bahasa Melayu is the medium of instruction in national schools in Malaysia, and as such, I will not attempt to translate the article into English.

Senarai penerima anugerah SERASI:


Anugerah SERASI (Sekolah Menengah) - SMK Tebobon, Kota Kinabalu

Kategori Pengurusan Alam Sekitar - SMK ainanam, Kota Kinabalu
Kategori Aktiviti Kesedaran Aam Sekitar - SMK Mohamad Ali, Ranau
Kategori Penghijauan Sekolah - SMK Abakan, Tawau
Kategori Kebersihan dan Keindahan - SMK Elopura II, Sandakan
Kategori Inovasi Alam Sekitar - SMK Bandaraya, Kota Kinabalu
Kategori Tandas Bersih & Ceria (Bandar) - SMK Taman Tun Fuad, Kota Kinabalu
Kategori Tandas Bersih & Ceria (Luar Bandar) - SMK Kalabakan, Tawau

Anugerah Guru SERASI - Puan Fanny Chin Chiew Phing, SM St. Michael Penampang
Anugerah Guru Harapan - Cik Tseu Yet Yun @ Evon - SMK Datuk Peter Mojuntin


Anugerah SERASI (Sekolah Rendah) - SK Monopod, Beluran

Kategori Aktiviti Kesedaran Aam Sekitar - SK Lok Yuk, Inanam
Kategori Pengurusan Alam Sekitar - SJK (C) Cheng Ming, Keningau
Kategori Penghijauan Sekolah - SK Mantob, Tuaran
Kategori Kebersihan dan Keindahan - SK Kulambai, Kota Belud
Kategori Inovasi Alam Sekitar - SK Bundung, Tuaran
Kategori Tandas Bersih & Ceria (Bandar) - SK Sung Siew, Sandakan
Kategori Tandas Bersih & Ceria (Luar Bandar) - SK Brumas, Tawau

Anugerah Guru SERASI - Puan Chong Pei Ling, SJK (C) Sin Hwa, Tawau
Anugerah Guru Harapan - Encik Bahar B. Mohammad Sapire, SK Tansau, Putatan


SM St. Michael, Penampang
SJK(C) Chi Hwa, Tawau
SJK (C) Sin Hwa, Tawau


SMK Kuhara, Tawau
SK Tansau, Putatan


SMK Majakir, Papar
SJK(C) Siew Ching, Lahad Datu


Puan Nurani Fauziah Derin, SMK Datuk Peter Mojuntin, Penampang
Encik Majus Munsing, SMK Lohan, Ranau


Encik Bukah Buling, SK Salinatan, Pensiangan

TheGreenMechanics: Congratulations! Thumbs up for a green initiative starting at young age.