Monday, January 9, 2012

Water Loss in Sabah THIRD Highest

The Association of Water and Energy Research Malaysia (AWER) carried out a non-revenue water (NRW) study in Malaysia and said that more than 1/3 of water treated at our plants is WASTED. National water loss averages were 36.6% in 2009 and 36.4% in 2010.

for a good cause?
Water jetting out of a transmission main during pipe flushing/cleaning

In 2010, of the total revenue from water sector of close to RM4.1 billion (US$1.3bil), RM1.7 billion or nearly HALF of it is lost to NRW. The three top contributors to this loss are Selangor, Johor and Sabah:
    Selangor: RM598.9 million, estimated loss of revenue
    Johor : RM200.9 million
    Sabah : RM175.4 million
    Kedah : RM140.9 million
    Pahang : RM132.9 million

In terms of VOLUME, the top five 'losers' are:
    Selangor: 481mil m3
    Pahang : 195mil m3
    Sabah : 195mil m3
    Kedah : 188mil m3
    Johor : 161mil m3

In Sabah, the last 3 years of record shows that we continue to leak out money to the drain at alarming rate:
    2008 - RM150.6 million
    2009 - RM142.4 million
    2010 - RM175.4 million
    2011 - could well surpass Johor; RM200million. Wait & see!
(Source: AWER, Malaysia)

Sabah's current largest and most economical Water Treatment Plant: Moyog WTP

Sabah's largest waterworks (WTP) located in Penampang is designed for production of 165 million liter (MLD) of water per day and at overload mode it can go up to 180 - 190 MLD.

If the estimates by AWER is taken at face value, i.e. 195 million m3 water loss in 2010, we are talking about 3 WTPs of this size. Solve 30% of our NRW volume and we DO NOT need to construct any dam in Kaiduan for the foreseeable future. By reducing NRW, we are tackling several tricky issues namely - avoid destruction of greenery in Kaiduan Penampang, avoid relocating people from their ancestral lands, and patch a hole in the treasurer's pocket.

It is pointless to keep building new Water Treatment Plants to increase production but at the same time loss half of the treated water along the transmission and distribution pipes.

The action plan I've learnt through my working life is as simple as this:
  1. Set the NRW reduction target. A detailed one if needed be.
  2. Specify reasonable time frame. Speaking of which, 5 years is not reasonable at all!
  3. Identify areas of concern (the people, the facilities, the environment, etc)
  4. Prepare technical guidelines. Let the engineers work it out.
  5. Work out capital and operational expenditures. Who says engineers and accountants can't agree on figures!
  6. Check and analyse the plans. The accountants say 'audit', we say 'assess'.
  7. People's participation. Let the public know about it and provide avenue for feedback.

There is a popular Malay saying "CAKAP TIDAK SERUPA BIKIN" or easier said than done. Of course, addressing the NRW issue will never be an easy task. But if we don't start somewhere, when will we ever get to the finish line?


Meitzeu said...

Do you think they just make Sabah looks bad indirectly. :/

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Aki said...

Whoa.. but if we're counting on area coverage of there matters, Sabah should do fine.. But hell yeah, the Sarawak is more bigger and yet, they aren't in the top 5 either.. Ok yeah.. ^_^.v..

de engineur said...

@Meitzeu. It has been bad and it'll continue to be so unless someone up there take the bold move and start doing the housekeeping, first and foremost.

de engineur said...

@Aki. If we are to look at percentage of NRW, some quarters claimed (although not a qualified statement) that Sabah is the highest!

Now, that's a headline for the wrong reason!

sahromnasrudin said...

negeri sembilan tak termasuk ke???

de engineur said...

@sahromnasrudin. Negeri Sembilan di tempat ke-6 dari segi kerugian:

RM114 million, estimated loss.
Volume: 114.69 mil cubic meter loss

lina@happy family said...

A great loss indeed.

MaryaYusof said...

Yes, it is not an easy task but where there is a will, there is a way...Maybe accountant & engineer should sit together and get mutual understanding...ermm...

Elih Japahar said...

Banyak jg..herm..

de engineur said...

@MaryaYusof. It's more of political will now, as economists, accountants, engineers can only give you fundamental facts n figures. But, yes, where there is a will there is a way.

@Elih Japahar. Cukup utk buat/tar beberapa jlnraya di daerah saya dan anda.